Amnon Schwartz

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Hyperpolarization-activated K channels (KH channels) in the plasmalemma of guard cells operate at apoplastic pH range of 5 to over 7. Using patch clamp in a whole-cell mode, we characterized the effect of varying the external pH between 4.4-8.1 on the activity of the KH channels in isolated guard cell protoplasts from Vicia faba leaves. Acidification from(More)
Previous studies reveal that the pH of the apoplastic solution in the guard cell walls may vary between 7.2 and 5.1 in closed and open stomata, respectively. During these aperture and pH changes, massive K+ fluxes cross the cellular plasma membrane driving the osmotic turgor and volume changes of guard cells. Therefore, we examined the effect of(More)
The mechanism by which the mature leaf of certain plants reorients its lamina to face the sun throughout the day was studied in Lavatera cretica L. The photoreceptor for this response differs fundamentally from the one involved in the phototropic growth response, by sensing light as a vector, rather than as a difference in luminous flux. The photoreceptor(More)
Molecular control mechanisms for abiotic stress tolerance are based on the activation and regulation of specific stress-related genes. The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) is a key endogenous messenger in a plant’s response to such stresses. A novel ABA binding mechanism which plays a key role in plant cell signaling cascades has recently been uncovered. In(More)
On a clear day, leaf laminas of Lavatera cretica tracked the solar position throughout the day. The laminar azimuth did not diverge from the solar azimuth by more than 12 degrees from sunrise to sunset. Tracking of the solar elevation started 1 to 2 hours after sunrise and ceased 1 to 2 hours before sunset. On an overcast day, the laminas reoriented(More)
Black cumin (Nigella sativa L., Ranunculaceae) is an annual herb commonly used in the Middle East, India and nowadays gaining worldwide acceptance. Historical and traditional uses are extensively documented in ancient texts and historical documents. Black cumin seeds and oil are commonly used as a traditional tonic and remedy for many ailments as well as in(More)
Stomatal movements depend on both ion influx and efflux; attainment of steady state apertures reflects modulation of either or both processes. The role of Ca(2+) in those two processes was investigated in isolated epidermal strips of Commelina communis, using the Ca(2+) chelator EGTA to reduce apoplastic [Ca(2+)]. The results suggest that a certain(More)
The effect of using treated wastewater for irrigation of table grapes (Vitis vinifera cv. Superior Seedless) was studied for six seasons. The experimental vineyard was grown on clay loam soil in a semi-arid area. Treated wastewater (5.83 meq L−1 Na+) with (TWW + F) and without (TWW) fertilizer, and fresh water with fertilizer (FW + F, 2.97 meq L−1 Na+),(More)
Narrow stem size in limiting Vitis rootstocks imposes a morphological constraint on the scion via reduced annual ring size, and thus reduces hydraulic conductivity and subsequently physiological performance and yield. Graft is a union between two separate species or cultivars, which produces a chimera plant with new qualities—as rootstock affects scion(More)
The olive tree is generally characterized by relatively low final fruit set consequential to a significant rate of undeveloped pistils, pistil abortion, and flower and fruitlet abscission. These processes are acknowledged to be governed by competition for resources between the developing vegetative and reproductive organs. To study the role of phosphorus(More)