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Both biochemical and genetic evidence have implicated the genes for TNF-alpha (TNFA) and lymphotoxin-alpha (LTA) in atopic asthma. Here, we report for the first time the association of their genotypes and haplotypes with atopic asthma in Indian populations. We genotyped seven single nucleotide polymorphisms, encompassing the two genes, in patients and(More)
Molecular processes that govern pathogenic features of erythrocyte invasion and cytoadherence in malaria are reliant on Plasmodium-specific Duffy-binding-like domains (DBLs). These cysteine-rich modules recognize diverse host cell-surface receptors during pathogenesis. DBLs of parasite erythrocyte-binding proteins mediate invasion, and those from the(More)
PURPOSE To study the incidence and prognostic impact of mutations in Additional sex comb-like 1 (ASXL1) in a large cohort of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). PATIENTS, MATERIALS, AND METHODS Overall, 193 patients with MDS and 65 healthy volunteers were examined for ASXL1 mutations by direct sequencing and for expression levels of ASXL1. The(More)
Mutations in the metabolic enzymes isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) and 2 (IDH2) are frequently found in glioma, acute myeloid leukemia (AML), melanoma, thyroid cancer, and chondrosarcoma patients. Mutant IDH produces 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG), which induces histone- and DNA-hypermethylation through inhibition of epigenetic regulators. We investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND IL-13, a cytokine secreted by T(H)2 lymphocytes and other cells, critically modulates allergic inflammation and tissue remodeling in allergic asthma. Although much is known about transcriptional regulation of IL-13, posttranscriptional regulation is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE Because many inflammatory pathways are known to be regulated by(More)
D-tyrosyl-tRNA(Tyr) deacylase (DTD) is an editing enzyme that removes D-amino acids from mischarged tRNAs. We describe an in-depth analysis of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum DTD here. Our data provide structural insights into DTD complexes with adenosine and D-amino acids. Bound adenosine is proximal to the DTD catalysis site, and it represents(More)
This is a rare case report of delayed onset of symptoms and survival from accidental strangulation by a scarf causing "Isadora Duncan syndrome". In 1929, the dancer Isadora Duncan died from strangulation and carotid artery insult when her billowing scarf caught in the wheels of a motor vehicle in which she was travelling. Cycle-propelled rickshaws are(More)
We used purified mammalian topoisomerases I (top1) and oligonucleotides containing a unique top1 cleavage site to study top1-mediated cleavage and recombination in the presence of nicks and short gaps mimicking DNA damage. In general, top1 cleavage was not induced opposite to the nicks, and nicks upstream from the top1 cleavage site suppressed top1(More)
We crystallized human liver fatty acid-binding protein (LFABP) in apo, holo, and intermediate states of palmitic acid engagement. Structural snapshots of fatty acid recognition, entry, and docking within LFABP support a heads-in mechanism for ligand entry. Apo-LFABP undergoes structural remodeling, where the first palmitate ingress creates the atomic(More)
Plasmodium falciparum encodes approximately 5300 proteins of which approximately 35% have repeats of amino acids, significantly higher than in other fully sequenced eukaryotes. The proportion of proteins with amino acid homorepeats varies from 4 to 54% amongst different functional classes of proteins. These homorepeats are dominated by asparagines, which(More)