Amit S. Bhala

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We have shown previously that a variant allele of the short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase ( SCAD ) gene, 625G-->A, is present in homozygous form in 7% of control individuals and in 60% of 135 patients with elevated urinary excretion of ethylmalonic acid (EMA). We have now characterized three disease-causing mutations (confirmed by lack of enzyme activity(More)
A sensitive assay for medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase has been developed by substituting ferricenium hexafluorophosphate for the physiological acceptor, electron transferring flavoprotein. The ferricenium ion is a facile oxidant of the octanoyl-CoA-reduced enzyme with a Vmax of 1400 min-1 and a KM of 55 microM at pH 7.6. The ferricenium assay does not(More)
OBJECTIVE We identified two additional patients with short-chain acyl-coenzyme A (CoA), further characterized the clinical and biochemical features of this defect, and compared it with other fatty acid oxidation defects. DESIGN We have measured the in vitro short-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase (SCAD) activity in six affected persons with the(More)
A 28-month-old Turkish girl presented with recurrent bronchopneumonia and severe muscular hypotonia. Urinary excretion of ethylmalonic acid was persistently elevated, methylsuccinate appearing only in stress situations. Studies in cultured fibroblasts showed a deficiency of short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase.
The insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) are important mitogens that exert their proliferative effects on cells via the type I IGF receptors (IGF-R). The IGFs also associate with IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs). IGF-inhibitory, IGF-stimulatory, and IGF-independent effects of IGFBPs on cell growth have been reported. We have asked whether the IGFBP-3 has an(More)
The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis is involved in regulating proliferation in a variety of cell types, including airway smooth muscle. Because airway hyperplasia is a characteristic feature of asthma and other lung diseases, we examined the interaction of the potent proinflammatory eicosanoid leukotriene D4 (LTD4) with the IGF axis in regulating(More)
Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) mediate cell proliferation and differentiation and bind with high affinities and specificities to IGF receptors and IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs). We examined the roles of these three groups of proteins in cultured rabbit airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells. Affinity cross-linking of IGF-I and IGF-II to membranes of ASM cells(More)
The IGFs are mitogenic agents which are closely linked to regulatory processes in carbohydrate metabolism. Because limited information is available on the occurrence of the IGF system in the pancreatic beta-cell milieu, we evaluated the presence of IGFs, IGF receptors, and IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) in the beta-cell lines beta TC3 and HIT T-15.(More)
Urinary excretion of 3-phenylpropionylglycine (PPG) is a diagnostic marker for medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency. PPG is derived from 3-phenylpropionic acid (PPA), a product of anaerobic bacterial metabolism in the gut. To determine when the infant gut was colonized with PPA-producing bacteria, we cultured stool in prereduced(More)
Melanoma exhibits heterogeneous growth patterns and widely varying sensitivities to multiple treatment modalities. This variability may reflect intrinsic genetic differences in factors giving rise to altered metabolism. Glucose is the primary energy source of tumours, including melanoma, and glucose transporter isoform 1 (Glut-1) and hexokinase are key(More)