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Each year, more than one million patients undergo some type of procedure involving cartilage reconstruction. Polymer hydrogels such as alginate have been demonstrated to be effective carriers of chondrocytes for subcutaneous cartilage formation. The goal of this study was to develop a simple method to create complex structures with good three-dimensional(More)
The search for limonoids started long back when scientists started looking for the factor responsible for bitterness in citrus which has negative impact on citrus fruit and juice industry worldwide. The term limonoids was derived from limonin, the first tetranortriterpenoid obtained from citrus bitter principles. Compounds belonging to this group have(More)
Over one million patients per year undergo some type of procedure involving cartilage reconstruction. Polymer hydrogels, such as alginate, have been shown to be effective carriers for chondrocytes in subcutaneous cartilage formation. The goal of our current study was to develop a method to create complex structures (nose bridge, chin, etc.) with good(More)
Iron regulatory protein 1 (IRP1) is regulated through the assembly/disassembly of a [4Fe-4S] cluster, which interconverts IRP1 with cytosolic aconitase. A genetic screen to isolate Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains bearing mutations in genes required for the conversion of IRP1 to c-aconitase led to the identification of a previously uncharacterized,(More)
STUDY DESIGN By the technique of tissue engineering, composite intervertebral disc implants were fabricated as novel materials for disc replacement, implanted into athymic mice, and removed at times up to 12 weeks. OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to construct composite intervertebral disc structures consisting of anulus fibrosus cells and nucleus(More)
Curcumin, a polyphenol compound, has been recognized as a promising anti-cancer drug. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the cytotoxicity of curcumin to Leishmania donovani, the causative agent for visceral leishmaniasis. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that curcumin induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase. Incubation of Leishmania(More)
The ubiquitious enzyme topoisomerase I can be targeted by drugs which turn these enzymes into cellular poisons and subsequently induce cell death. Drugs like staurosporine, which do not target topoisomerase I directly, can also lead to stabilization of topoisomerase I-DNA cleavable complexes by an indirect process of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation(More)
Emergence of the bi-subunit topoisomerase I in the kinetoplastid family (Trypanosoma and Leishmania) has brought a new twist in topoisomerase research related to evolution, functional conservation and preferential sensitivities to the specific inhibitors of type IB topoisomerase family. In the present study, we describe that naturally occurring flavones(More)
Phosphorus is an essential element of life and of the modern agricultural system. Today, science, policy, agro-industry and other stakeholder groups are increasingly concerned about the sustainable use of this resource, given the dissipative nature of phosphorus and difficulties in assessing, evaluating, and coping with phosphorus pollution in aquatic and(More)
Composite tissue-engineered intervertebral tissue was assembled in the shape of cylindrical disks composed of an outer shell of PGA mesh seeded with annulus fibrosus cells with an inner core of nucleus pulposus cells seeded into an alginate gel. Samples were implanted subcutaneously in athymic mice and retrieved at time points up to 16 weeks. At all(More)