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Acute renal failure (ARF), characterized by sudden loss of the ability of the kidneys to excrete wastes, concentrate urine, conserve electrolytes, and maintain fluid balance, is a frequent clinical problem, particularly in the intensive care unit, where it is associated with a mortality of between 50% and 80%. In this review, the epidemiology and(More)
BACKGROUND Sepsis has a high mortality (50-80%) when associated with acute renal failure (ARF). Oxidant injury and proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines have been shown to increase with endotoxaemia-related ARF. Since erythropoietin (EPO) has been demonstrated to possess anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, EPO may have therapeutic efficacy for(More)
Caspase-1-deficient (-/-) mice are protected against sepsis-induced hypotension and mortality. We investigated the role of caspase-1 and its associated cytokines in a nonhypotensive model of endotoxemic acute renal failure (ARF). Mice were injected intraperitoneally with 2.5 mg of LPS that induces endotoxemic ARF. On immunoblot analysis of whole kidney,(More)
Clinical and epidemiologic studies of defined geographic populations can serve as a means of establishing data important for the diagnosis, treatment, and counseling of patients with cleft lip and cleft palate. Several descriptive epidemiologic studies have been carried out in many countries worldwide; however, no such study has ever been performed in(More)
Since the introduction of Y-connector technology and the subsequent reduction in the frequency of peritonitis, catheter-related infections have become the primary infectious complication in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Such infections may lead to prolonged morbidity, recurrent peritonitis, and catheter failure. Despite appropriate treatment of(More)
Closure of thoracolumbar wounds and vertebral osteomyelitis after scoliosis surgery often proves difficult due to tautness and lack of usable tissue, and the resulting dead space containing metallic fixation devices is predisposed to infections and complications. The authors present their experience with 33 patients in whom massive thoracolumbar wounds and(More)
Acute renal failure (ARF) in septic patients drastically increases the mortality to 50-80%. Nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to be increased in sepsis. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is one of the major regulators of arterial blood pressure and regional blood flow; however, its in vivo role in septic ARF is still unclear. We hypothesized that eNOS(More)
It is known that, among human patients with sepsis, acute renal failure (ARF) dramatically increases mortality rates to 50 to 80%. However, the pathogenesis of septic ARF is not fully understood. An increase in endotoxin-induced mortality rates for leptin-deficient ob/ob mice was recently demonstrated. In comparison with ob/ob mice, db/db mice, which are(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this article is to report the increased incidence of community-acquired methicillin-resistant S. aureus in hand infections at an urban medical center. METHODS The authors performed a retrospective review of all patients with hand infections over a 21-month period, and all patients with culture-positive methicillin-resistant S.(More)