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Using absorption and fluorescence spectroscopic methods, quantitative cellular uptake of curcumin, an antioxidant and anti-tumor agent from Curcuma longa, was calculated in two types of normal cells: spleen lymphocytes, and NIH3T3 and two tumor cell lines: EL4 and MCF7. Both the uptake and fluorescence intensity of curcumin were significantly higher in(More)
3,3'-Diselenodipropionic acid (DSePA), a diselenide and a derivative of selenocystine, was evaluated for in vivo radioprotective effects in Swiss albino mice, at an intraperitoneal dose of 2 mg/kg body wt, for 5 days before whole-body exposure to gamma-radiation. The radioprotective efficacy was evaluated by assessing protection of the hepatic tissue, the(More)
The present study was designed to test a hypothesis that curcumin may be modulating oxidative stress parameters including reactive oxygen species, non-protein thiols and expression of antioxidant genes in a concentration and time dependent manner in exhibiting cytotoxic effects in macrophage cell line RAW 264.7. The results have shown that curcumin elevated(More)
BACKGROUND Radioresistance is the major impediment in radiotherapy of many cancers including prostate cancer, necessitating the need to understand the factors contributing to radioresistance in tumor cells. In the present study, the role of cellular redox and redox sensitive transcription factor, Nrf2 in the radiosensitivity of prostate cancer cell lines(More)
3,3'-diselenodipropionic acid (DSePA), a derivative of selenocystine, has been synthesized and examined for antioxidant activity, glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity, and cytotoxicity. The effect of DSePA on membrane lipid peroxidation, release of hemoglobin, and intracellular K+ ion as a consequence of erythrocyte (red blood cells or RBCs) oxidation by(More)
The present study was designed to evaluate the possible protective effects of 3,3'-diselenodipropionic acid (DSePA), a potent radioprotector, against oxidative organ damage induced by whole body γ-irradiation and explore its mechanistic effects. The mice were subjected to whole body γ-irradiation at 5 Gy for the detection of oxidative stress, apoptosis, and(More)
The mechanism leading to the radiation-induced lung response of pneumonitis is largely unknown. Here we investigated whether treatment with 3,3'-diselenodipropionic acid (DSePA), which reduces radiation-induced oxidative stress in acute response models, decreases the lung response to irradiation. Mice of the C3H/HeJ (alveolitis/pneumonitis-responding)(More)
Our previous study showed that 3,3'-diselenodipropionic acid (DSePA), a simple, stable, and water-soluble organoselenium exhibiting glutathione peroxidase (GPx)-like activity offered good radioprotection under in vitro and in vivo conditions. Herein, we investigated the anti-genotoxic effect of DSePA in model cellular systems such as Chinese Hamster Ovary(More)
Curcumin, a lipid soluble antioxidant, exhibits solvent and medium sensitive absorption and fluorescence properties. Using such changes, the average binding constants of curcumin to phosphatidylcholine (PC) liposomes and human serum albumin (HSA) were estimated to be 2.5 x 10(4) M(-1) and 6.1 x 10(4) M(-1) respectively. From the studies on temperature(More)
The radioprotective effect of extracellular melanin, a naturally occurring pigment, isolated from the fungus Gliocephalotrichum simplex was examined in BALB/C mice, and the probable mechanism of action was established. At an effective dose of 50mg/kg body weight, melanin exhibited both prophylactic and mitigative activities, increasing the 30-day survival(More)