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BACKGROUND Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is characterized by functional renal failure in end-stage liver disease.AND  AIMS: Terlipressin is the drug of choice for treating type 1 HRS (HRS-1). It is expensive and often not readily available. We, in an open label, randomized, pilot trial, compared the efficacy of terlipressin and noradrenaline on the renal(More)
Micro RNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small, non-coding RNA species that play critical roles throughout cellular development and regulation. miRNA expression patterns taken from various tissue types often point to the cellular lineage of an individual tissue type, thereby being a more invariant hallmark of tissue type. Recent work has shown that these miRNA(More)
UNLABELLED Spontaneous reactivation of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is an important cause of acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). Antiviral drugs may help reduce the high morbidity and mortality in such patients, especially in places where liver transplant is not available. The aim was to evaluate the efficacy of tenofovir and to determine the predictors of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We investigated the efficacy of adalimumab for inducing and maintaining mucosal healing in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (extend the safety and efficacy of adalimumab through endoscopic healing [EXTEND]) evaluated adalimumab for induction and maintenance of mucosal(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is known to cause severe liver disease in pregnant women. It is unclear whether obstetric and fetal outcomes are worse in pregnant women with HEV infection than in women with other forms of viral hepatitis. OBJECTIVE To compare maternal, obstetric, and fetal outcomes in pregnant women with acute viral hepatitis(More)
The clinical value of amphotericin B, the mainstay therapy for visceral leishmaniasis in sodium antimony gluconate-nonresponsive zones of Bihar, India, is now threatened by the emergence of acquired drug resistance, and a comprehensive understanding of the underlying mechanisms is the need of the hour. We have selected an amphotericin B-resistant clinical(More)
Poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimer derivatives have been investigated for their biological applications, especially for delivery of drugs, including antimicrobial drugs to eukaryotic cells, but their effects on bacterial cells are largely unexplored. Herein we report that amino-terminated PAMAM dendrimers are highly toxic to the common Gram-negative(More)
Fermentation of acid hydrolysate of water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), a free floating aquatic plant has been investigated for ethanol production. The dilute acid treatment has been applied to utilize the maximum hemicellulosic content of the water-hyacinth. The goal of this work was to investigate, both experimentally and theoretically using(More)
Transcatheter closure of congenital ventricular septal defect (VSD) using various devices is gaining acceptance in selected cases of perimembranous and muscular defects, avoiding the inherent risks of cardiopulmonary bypass. The procedure was attempted in 137 patients having congenital defects using Rashkind Umbrella Device (RUD) in 29 patients, Amplatzer(More)
The Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver (APASL) Working Party on Portal Hypertension has developed consensus guidelines on the disease profile, diagnosis, and management of noncirrhotic portal fibrosis and idiopathic portal hypertension. The consensus statements, prepared and deliberated at length by the experts in this field, were(More)