Amit Kumar Singh

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Pharmacology of CFTR Chloride Channel Activity. Physiol. Rev. 79, Suppl.: S109-S144, 1999. - The pharmacology of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is at an early stage of development. Here we attempt to review the status of those compounds that modulate the Cl- channel activity of CFTR. Three classes of compounds, the sulfonylureas,(More)
The clinical discoveries that drugs that stimulate 5-HT neurotransmission, either by inhibiting 5-HT uptake or by stimulating postsynaptic receptors directly, have antidepressant properties has stimulated interest in defining the role of the 5-HT receptor system in the clinical effects of antidepressant drugs. Two approaches are reviewed in this paper that(More)
The reliance on multi/many-core systems to satisfy the high performance requirement of complex embedded software applications is increasing. This necessitates the need to realize efficient mapping methodologies for such complex computing platforms. This paper provides an extensive survey and categorization of state-of-the-art mapping methodologies and(More)
One of natures most important biological processes is the degradation of lignocellulosic materials to carbon dioxide, water and humic substances. This implies possibilities to use biotechnology in the pulp and paper industry and consequently, the use of microorganisms and their enzymes to replace or supplement chemical methods is gaining interest. This(More)
The present study underlines the importance of reactive oxygen species in cytokine-mediated degradation of sphingomyelin (SM) to ceramide. Treatment of rat primary astrocytes with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) or interleukin-1beta led to marked alteration in cellular redox (decrease in intracellular GSH) and rapid degradation of SM to ceramide.(More)
1383-7621/$ see front matter 2010 Elsevier B.V. A doi:10.1016/j.sysarc.2010.04.007 q Some part of this research was presented at 12 Digital System Design, August 2009, pp. 133–140. * Corresponding author. Tel.: +65 6790 6639; fax: + E-mail addresses: (A.K. S (T. Srikanthan), (A. Kumar), asjgwu Efficient run-time mapping(More)
The delayed rectifier potassium current plays a critical role in cellular physiology. This current (I(K)) in Drosophila larvae is believed to be a single current. However, a likely null mutation in the Shab K(+) channel gene (Shab(3)) reduces I(K) but does not eliminate it. This raises a question as to whether or not the entire I(K) passes through channels(More)
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a protein kinase A- and ATP-regulated Cl- channel located in the apical membranes of epithelial cells. Previously Sheppard and Welsh (J. Gen. Physiol. 100: 573-591, 1992) showed that glibenclamide, a compound which binds to the sulfonylurea receptor and thus blocks nucleotide-dependent K+(More)
We evaluated the effects of the novel benzimidazolone, 1-ethyl-2-benzimidazolinone (1-EBIO), on Cl- secretion across T84 monolayers. 1-EBIO stimulated a sustained Cl- secretory response at a half-maximal effective concentration of 490 microM. Charybdotoxin (CTX) inhibited the 1-EBIO-induced short-circuit current (Isc) with an inhibitory constant (Ki) of 3.6(More)
Dietary factors are known to modulate concentrations of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG). In the present study we have investigated the possibility that insulin like growth factor-type I (IGF-I) may be an additional regulator of SHBG using cultured human hepatoma cells which secrete SHBG. The inhibitory effect of insulin on SHBG secretion by these cells(More)