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Recent evidence has implicated innate immunity in regulating neuronal survival in the brain during stroke and other neurodegenerations. Photoreceptors are specialized light-detecting neurons in the retina that are essential for vision. In this study, we investigated the role of the innate immunity receptor TLR4 in photoreceptors. TLR4 activation by(More)
PURPOSE Opacification of hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lenses (IOLs) is an emerging complication following Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). We report six cases and review the current literature. METHODS In this retrospective, noncomparative, observational case series, patients with IOL opacification after previous DSAEK(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the feasibility of pneumatic dissection of donor endothelium and the effect of 7 days of storage in tissue culture medium on the endothelial cell count. DESIGN Experimental study. PARTICIPANTS We used 20 human donor corneoscleral tissues deemed unsuitable for transplantation. INTERVENTION Donor corneas were mounted on an(More)
Wnt/β-catenin signaling is an essential pathway that regulates numerous cellular processes, including cell survival. The molecular mechanisms contributing to pro-survival Wnt signaling are mostly unknown. Signal transducer and activator of transcription proteins (STATs) are a well-described family of transcription factors. STAT3 induces expression of(More)
Clinical manifestations owing to ascorbic acid deficiency demand an easy-to-use, rapid, robust and inexpensive technique, which can measure serum ascorbic acid at ultratrace level to attend the problem of hypovitaminosis C and acute cases of scurvy. In the present work, a novel molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP)-coated solid-phase microextraction (SPME)(More)
PURPOSE To compare three microkeratome-assisted techniques for the preparation of ultrathin (UT) grafts for Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty. METHODS After dissection with a 300-μm microkeratome head in 40 donor tissues, a second cut was performed with a 130-μm head either after manual stromal hydration (group A, n = 10) or osmotic(More)
Oxidant/antioxidant balance has been suggested as an important factor for initiation and progression of cancer. The objective of this study was to determine changes in the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px),(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS), highly reactive molecules, are produced by living organisms as a result of normal cellular metabolism and environmental factors, and can damage nucleic acids and proteins, thereby altering their functions. The human body has several mechanisms to counteract oxidative stress by producing antioxidants. A shift in the balance(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are essential receptors of the innate immune system and are first responders for protection against bacterial and viral pathogens. Recently, several TLRs have also been implicated in regulating cell death and survival in non-pathogen injuries such as stroke and oxidative stress. Investigating the role of TLRs during central(More)