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The release factor eRF1 terminates protein biosynthesis by recognizing stop codons at the A site of the ribosome and stimulating peptidyl-tRNA bond hydrolysis at the peptidyl transferase center. The crystal structure of human eRF1 to 2.8 A resolution, combined with mutagenesis analyses of the universal GGQ motif, reveals the molecular mechanism of release(More)
Mutations in a newly described lysosomal enzyme, palmitoyl-protein thioesterase (PPT), were recently shown to be responsible for an autosomal recessive neurological disorder prevalent in Finland, infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. The disease results in blindness, motor and cognitive deterioration, and seizures. Characteristic inclusion bodies(More)
Infantile and classical late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCL) are two recent additions to the expanding spectrum of lysosomal storage disorders caused by deficiencies in lysosomal hydrolases. They are latecomers to the lysosomal storage disorders, probably because of the heterogeneous nature of the storage material, which precluded meaningful(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is an important determinant of radioresponse, whose elevated expression and activity frequently correlates with radioresistance in several cancers, including non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). We reported recently that NSCLC cell lines harboring somatic, activating mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain (TKD)(More)
The infantile form of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL) has been well studied in Finland, where there is a high carrier frequency (1:70) for a single mutation in the causative gene, CLN1, or PPT. We have recently studied a group of 29 NCL subjects in the United States with palmitoyl-protein thioesterase (PPT) deficiency and described 19 different(More)
Any paper document when converted to electronic form through standard digitizing devices, like scanners, is subject to a small tilt or skew. Meanwhile, a de-skewed document allows a more compact representation of its components, particularly text objects, such as words, lines, and paragraphs, where they can be represented by their rectilinear bounding(More)
With an aim to high-level understanding of the mathematical contents in a document image the requirement of math-zone extraction and recognition technique is obvious. In this paper we present fully auotmatic segmentation of displayed-math zones from the document image, using only the spatial layout information of math-formulas and equations , so as to help(More)
Non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) bearing mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain (TKD) of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) often exhibit dramatic sensitivity to the EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib. Ionizing radiation (IR) is frequently used in the treatment of NSCLC, but little is known how lung tumor-acquired EGFR(More)
We report a study of 10 candidate genes presumably involved in diabetes or insulin resistance or obesity among Pondicherian Tamil Indians, an isolated population with a high prevalence of diabetes. Forty-nine families with at least two affected patients in the sibship (567 individuals) were selected and tested by PCR-RFLP techniques for reported mutations(More)
The alkaline phosphatase (AP) is a bi-metalloenzyme of potential applications in biotechnology and bioremediation, in which phosphate monoesters are nonspecifically hydrolysed under alkaline conditions to yield inorganic phosphate. The hydrolysis occurs through an enzyme intermediate in which the catalytic residue is phosphorylated. The reaction, which also(More)