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Bacterial and viral infections are often clinically indistinguishable, leading to inappropriate patient management and antibiotic misuse. Bacterial-induced host proteins such as procalcitonin, C-reactive protein (CRP), and Interleukin-6, are routinely used to support diagnosis of infection. However, their performance is negatively affected by inter-patient(More)
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common bacterial infection among infants and children. Predicting which children with upper UTI will develop long-term sequelae remains difficult. We aimed at evaluating the predictive value of urine concentrations of interleukin-6 (UIL-6) and interleukin-8 (UIL-8) in subsequent renal scarring. In the current observational(More)
In this retrospective study 829 positive urine cultures were analyzed. Escherichia coli bacterium was the leading uropathogen (86%). Almost 60% were resistant to ampicillin and first generation cephalosporins, and about 30% of them resistant to amoxicillin-clavulanic acid and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Almost none of them were resistant to second and(More)
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