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Numerical simulations are used to investigate the resonant instabilities in twodimensional flow past an open cavity. The compressible Navier–Stokes equations are solved directly (no turbulence model) for cavities with laminar boundary layers upstream. The computational domain is large enough to directly resolve a portion of the radiated acoustic field,(More)
The two major glycosphingolipids of myelin, galactosylceramide (GalC) and sulfatide (SGC), interact with each other by trans carbohydrate-carbohydrate interactions. They face each other in the apposed extracellular surfaces of the multilayered myelin sheath produced by oligodendrocytes (OLs). Multivalent galactose and sulfated galactose, in the form of(More)
An efficient and reproducible in vitro plant regeneration system from shoot apices was developed in Jatropha curcas. Benzylaminopurine (BAP; 2.5 μM) was most effective in inducing an average of 6.2 shoots per shoot apex. Incorporation of gibberellic acid (GA3; 0.5 μM) to basal medium was found essential for elongation of shoots. The BAP-habituated mother(More)
This paper describes studies of the carbohydrate-carbohydrate interaction (CCI) between micelles of a lactosyl lipid and monolayers of the glycosphingolipid GM3. The lactose Lac·GM3 interaction is involved in B16 melanoma cell adhesion and signaling processes, and a thorough understanding of the molecular details of this CCI is important for the design of(More)
The outer membrane of Gram negative bacteria contains lipopolysaccharides, which are glycolipids with carbohydrate sequences that are unique for each bacterial species and serotype. In this communication, we report a method for identifying LPS from different bacteria using an electronic tongue approach. Two functionalized polydiacetylene liposomes were used(More)
Multivalent glycoconjugates were prepared using generation-4 PAMAM dendrimers, and their interaction with Langmuir monolayers containing GM3 was investigated. Excessive carbohydrate valency adversely affects the carbohydrate-carbohydrate interaction. The GM3 monolayer selectively interacts with lactose-functionalized dendrimers in the presence of calcium(More)
Several boronic acids were screened for their ability to bind to diols. 3-methoxycarbonyl-5-nitrophenyl boronic acid bound to both a catechol dye as well as fructose with a comparable affinity to that of an ortho-methylamino substituted boronic acid. This work suggests a greater role for appropriately functionalized electron deficient boronic acids in diol(More)
The conversion of a prochiral methylene group into a stereogenic center by means of a lithiation/substitution sequence has emerged as a powerful synthetic transformation over the past 15 years. This reaction proceeds via a chiral organolithium intermediate, and the stereochemical fidelity of the overall reaction sequence is intimately dependent on the(More)