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Azo dyes are known to be a very important and widely used class of toxic and carcinogenic compounds. Although lot of research has been carried out for their removal from industrial effluents, very little attention is given to changes in their toxicity and mutagenicity during the treatment processes. Present investigation describes isolation of a Bacillus(More)
Present study describes isolation of a multiple metal-resistant Arthrobacter ramosus strain from mercuric salt-contaminated soil. The isolate was found to resist and bioaccumulate several metals, such as cadmium, cobalt, zinc, chromium and mercury. Maximum tolerated concentrations for above metals were found to be 37, 525, 348, 1530 and 369 microM,(More)
In recent years, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been shown to possess broad antibacterial activity. The present study investigated the cytotoxicity of AgNPs to a common soil bacterium, Pseudomonas sp. The molecular mechanism involved in its stress response to AgNPs was also studied. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of AgNPs was found to be 0.2(More)
Direct Red 28 (DR28) is a benzidine-based azo dye widely used in several countries. It has also been a subject of intense research for its anti-prion activity. Like other benzidine-based azo dyes, it is also carcinogenic and toxic. However, there are very few studies addressing its detoxification. In the present study, a Bacillus velezensis strain was used(More)
In the present study, sludge sample from biological treatment plant of a textile industry was acclimatized for decolourization of azo dye Direct Black 38 (DB38). A continuous culture experiment showed that the acclimatized sludge could decolourize 76% of 100mg/l DB38. Bacterial community in the sludge was analyzed using culture-independent molecular(More)
Current study reports isolation of Cupriavidus strain a3 which can utilize 2-chloro-4-nitrophenol (C4NP) as sole source of carbon and nitrogen, leading to its detoxification. Degradation process was initiated by release of nitrite ion resulting in the formation of 2-chlorohydroquinone as intermediate. The nitrite releasing activity was also evident in the(More)
Manganese is a vital nutrient and is maintained at an optimal level (2.5-5 mg/day) in human body. Chronic exposure to manganese is associated with neurotoxicity and correlated with the development of various neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease. Oxidative stress mediated apoptotic cell death has been well established mechanism in manganese(More)
The application of enzyme technologies to industrial research, development, and manufacturing has become a very important field. Since the production of crude rennet in 1874, several enzymes have been commercialized, and used for therapeutic, supplementary, and other applications. Recent advancements in biotechnology now allow companies to produce safer and(More)
In the present study, an Enterococcus gallinarum strain was isolated from effluent treatment plant of a textile industry based on its ability to decolourize C.I. Direct Black 38 (DB38), a benzidine-based azo dye. Effects of dye concentration and medium composition on dye decolourization were studied. The strain was found to decolourize DB38 even under(More)
In the present study, a consortium of Cardiobacterium hominis and Pseudomonas stutzeri was isolated from an effluent treatment plant of a textile industry, based on its ability to decolourise azo dyes including direct black 38 (DB38), a benzidine-based azo dye. The role of each culture in the decolourisation process was elucidated, and C. hominis was found(More)