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How stable are neural activity patterns compared across periods of sleep? We evaluated this question in adult zebra finches, whose premotor neurons in the nucleus robustus arcopallialis (RA) exhibit sequences of bursts during daytime singing that are characterized by precise timing relative to song syllables. Each burst has a highly regulated pattern of(More)
BACKGROUND During development, AV conduction switches from base-to-apex to apex-to-base conduction after emergence of the conduction system. We hypothesize that after this transition, the bulk of the AV ring, although no longer required for AV conduction, remains transiently able to conduct, providing a potential arrhythmia substrate. We studied AV(More)
T-wave alternans, an important arrhythmogenic factor, has recently been described in human fetuses. Here we sought to determine whether alternans can be induced in the embryonic mouse hearts, despite its underdeveloped sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and, if so, to analyze the response to pharmacological and autonomic interventions. Immunohistochemistry(More)
We describe a technique for the automated analysis of continuous, unsegmented animal vocalizations. The algorithm is based on the comparison of templates with unknown signals using a dynamic time-warping (DTW) algorithm. It directly compares signal spectrograms, and identiies constituents and constituent boundaries, thus permitting the identiication of a(More)
A 56-year-old patient with severe pulmonary hypertension developed severe tricuspid regurgitation, right-sided heart failure, and congestive hepatopathy. She was transferred for possible lung transplant and/or tricuspid valve surgery. Clinical and echocardiographic assessment provided confidence that acute tricuspid valve failure was responsible for the(More)
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