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Classification of mental states from electroencephalogram (EEG) signals is used for many applications in areas such as brain-computer interfacing (BCI). When represented in the frequency domain, the multichannel EEG signal can be considered as a two-directional spatio-spectral data of high dimensionality. Extraction of salient features using feature(More)
OBJECTIVE Feature extraction is one of the most important steps in any brain-computer interface (BCI) system. In particular, spatio-spectral feature extraction for motor-imagery BCIs (MI-BCI) has been the focus of several works in the past decade. This paper proposes a novel method, called separable common spatio-spectral patterns (SCSSP), for extraction of(More)
In a wide range of communication systems, including DS-CDMA and OFDM systems, the signal-of-interest might be corrupted by an improper (F.D. Neeser et al.,1993) (also called non circularly symmetric (B. Picinbono, 1994)) interfering signal. This paper studies the maximum likelihood (ML) detection of binary signals in the presence of additive improper(More)
This article provides an interdisciplinary perspective on driver monitoring systems by discussing state-of-the-art signal processing solutions in the context of road safety issues identified in human factors research. Recently, the human factors community has made significant progress in understanding driver behaviors and assessed the efficacy of various(More)
Classification of high-dimensional data typically requires extraction of discriminant features. This paper proposes a linear feature extractor, called whitened linear sufficient statistic (WLSS), which is based on the sufficiency conditions for heteroscedastic Gaussian distributions. WLSS approximates, in the least squares sense, an operator providing a(More)
Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) is a commonly-used feature extraction technique. For matrix-variate data such as spatio-spectral electroencephalogram (EEG), matrix-variate LDA formulations have been proposed. Compared to the standard vector-variate LDA, these formulations assume a separable structure for the within-class and between-class scatter(More)
Electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings of brain activities can be processed in order to augment the brain's cognitive, sensory, or motor functionality. A representative, yet analytically tractable, model is essential to EEG processing. Several studies have examined different statistical models for EEG power spectrum. But recent studies have shown that not(More)
Classification of mental tasks from electroencephalogram (EEG) signals has important applications in brain-computer interfacing (BCI). However, classification of the highly redundant and high-dimensional EEG signal, with high spatial and spectral correlations, is quite challenging. Therefore, the discriminant information, especially that of the first and(More)
This paper proposes a novel method for extraction of discriminant spatio-spectral EEG features in motor imagery brain-computer interfaces. Considering a heteroscedastic binary classification setup, this method extracts the spatio-spectral features whose variance is maximized for one brain task and minimized for the other task. Therefore, our method can be(More)