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The presence of somatotopic organization in the human supplementary motor area (SMA) remains a controversial issue. In this study, subdural electrode grids were placed on the medial surface of the cerebral hemispheres in 13 patients with intractable epilepsy undergoing evaluation for surgical treatment. Electrical stimulation mapping with currents below the(More)
We analyzed the frequency and morphological characteristics of the initial EEG manifestations of spontaneous seizures recorded from depth and subdural electrodes in 26 patients for whom pathological analysis of the area of seizure onset was available after resective surgery. Pathological features considered to be positive findings included well-defined(More)
Published reports suggest that control of generalized seizures is improved by callosotomy but do not necessarily indicate that completion of failed anterior callosotomy is beneficial. We studied 42 patients after anterior callosotomy and 22 after total callosotomy, of whom 14 underwent a two-stage procedure. Cure or marked diminution of seizures was most(More)
The extent of resection was assessed in 45 temporal lobectomies for medically intractable epilepsy with mapped temporal lobe foci. Postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the coronal plane was used to quantify the extent of resection of superior lateral, inferior lateral, basal, and medial structures, including the amygdalohippocampal complex. A(More)
The effect of clinical, spontaneous-onset seizures on extracellular fluid lactate was investigated by the method of lactography, the in vivo on-line measurement of lactate levels using microdialysis. Studies of experimental animals have suggested that generation of extracellular lactate as measured by microdialysis is an index of local glucose utilization(More)
We present correlations of extent of temporal lobectomy for intractable epilepsy with postoperative memory changes (20 cases) and abnormalities of visual field and neurologic examination (45 cases). Postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the coronal plane was used to quantify anteroposterior extent of resection of various quadrants of the(More)
Ictal behavioral characteristics may reflect seizure spread patterns and provide a clue to seizure onset location, between or within specific cerebral lobes. Sequential symptomatology might therefore distinguish patients with hippocampal sclerosis from patients with temporal lobe tumors. To determine ictal behavioral differences in patients of these groups,(More)
UNLABELLED Acute mastoiditis (AM) is an uncommon but serious complication of acute otitis media (AOM). In the pre-antibiotic era, AM was seen more frequently than it is today, but it was rare in infants. However, in the last two decades an increase in the incidence of AM in infancy has been reported in the literature. During the years 1990-2002, we treated(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the Charleston bending brace when compared with the thoracolumbosacral orthosis (TLSO or Boston) brace in the treatment of single-curve adolescent-type idiopathic scoliosis. The Charleston and TLSO braces were applied for approximately 8 nighttime hours and 18 to 22 hours per day, respectively.(More)
Sporadic late onset nemaline myopathy (SLONM) is a progressive myopathy of indeterminate etiology and poor outcome. If associated with a monoclonal gammopathy, SLONM carries a more unfavorable prognosis. Immunotherapy was unsuccessful. We report two HIV-negative SLONM/monoclonal gammopathy patients who improved following intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg)(More)