Amiram Hirshfeld

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The second extracellular loop (EL2) of rhodopsin forms a cap over the binding site of its photoreactive 11-cis retinylidene chromophore. A crucial question has been whether EL2 forms a reversible gate that opens upon activation or acts as a rigid barrier. Distance measurements using solid-state (13)C NMR spectroscopy between the retinal chromophore and the(More)
Isomerization of the 11-cis retinal chromophore in the visual pigment rhodopsin is coupled to motion of transmembrane helix H6 and receptor activation. We present solid-state magic angle spinning NMR measurements of rhodopsin and the metarhodopsin II intermediate that support the proposal that interaction of Trp265(6.48) with the retinal chromophore is(More)
Activation of the visual pigment rhodopsin is caused by 11-cis to -trans isomerization of its retinal chromophore. High-resolution solid-state NMR measurements on both rhodopsin and the metarhodopsin II intermediate show how retinal isomerization disrupts helix interactions that lock the receptor off in the dark. We made 2D dipolar-assisted rotational(More)
Hyperforin is the major active ingredient of Hypericum perforatum (St John's Wort), a traditional antidepressant medication. This study evaluated its inhibitory effects on the synaptic uptake of monoamines in rat forebrain homogenates, comparing the nature of the inhibition at synaptic and vesicular monoamine transporters. A hyperforin-rich extract(More)
The 11-cis retinal chromophore is tightly packed within the interior of the visual receptor rhodopsin and isomerizes to the all-trans configuration following absorption of light. The mechanism by which this isomerization event drives the outward rotation of transmembrane helix H6, a hallmark of activated G protein-coupled receptors, is not well established.(More)
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