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We undertook a meta-analysis of six Crohn's disease genome-wide association studies (GWAS) comprising 6,333 affected individuals (cases) and 15,056 controls and followed up the top association signals in 15,694 cases, 14,026 controls and 414 parent-offspring trios. We identified 30 new susceptibility loci meeting genome-wide significance (P < 5 × 10⁻⁸). A(More)
The discovery of a series of genetic and serological markers associated with disease susceptibility and phenotype in inflammatory bowel disease has led to the prospect of an integrated classification system involving clinical, serological and genetic parameters. The Working Party has reviewed current clinical classification systems in Crohn's disease,(More)
Nuclear Factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is a major transcription regulator of immune response, apoptosis and cell-growth control genes, and is upregulated in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), both ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease. The NFKB1 gene encodes the NF-kappaB p105/p50 isoforms. Genome-wide screens in IBD families show evidence for linkage on(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple factors, particularly IBD family history, tobacco use, age at diagnosis and recently, NOD2 mutant genotypes may influence Crohn's disease (CD) heterogeneity. METHODS We performed a multicenter retrospective record analysis of 275 unrelated patients with CD. Age at diagnosis, IBD family history, Jewish ethnicity, tobacco use at(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS New serologic markers of inflammatory bowel disease may be useful for differentiating between Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis and for disease stratification. We profiled sugar-binding antibodies to identify novel antiglycan antibodies that may be associated with inflammatory bowel disease. METHODS Serum samples were obtained from(More)
Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are overlapping chronic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). Suggestive evidence for linkage at chromosome 7q has been reported for both CD and UC. Contained within this region is the gene for MDR1 (multidrug resistance), a membrane transport protein for which human polymorphisms have been reported in(More)
The involvement of oxidant/antioxidant imbalance in the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is well documented. Two members of the glutathione S-transferase (GST) family of enzymes, GSTM1 and GSTT1, known to take part in cellular protection against electrophiles, demonstrate common deletion variants (termed null) associated with impaired enzyme(More)
OBJECTIVES The allelic variants in the NOD2/CARD15 gene G908R, R702W, and 1007fs are strongly and independently associated with susceptibility to Crohn's disease (CD). Our aim was to compare the NOD2/CARD15 genotype and the genotype-phenotype correlation in Jewish pediatric patients with CD (</=16 years of age) with older patients with CD. STUDY DESIGN(More)
Coeliac disease (CD), an inflammatory enteropathy, is believed to be caused by immune sensitivity to ingested gluten. T-cell activation appears to be implicated in the disease although little is known regarding the role of T-cell subsets, Th1/Th2, and the cytokines they secrete. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to examine the mRNA(More)
Smoking is an important environmental factor in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with differing effects in ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). Never smoking and formerly smoking increase the risk of UC, whereas smoking exacerbates the course of CD. The potential mechanisms involved in this dual relationship are yet unknown. A reasonable(More)