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Iran as a developing nation is in epidemiological transition from communicable to non-communicable diseases. Although, cancer is the third cause of death in Iran, it;s mortality are on the rise during recent decades. This mini-review was carried out to provide a general viewpoint on common cancers incidence in Iran and to explain incidental differences that(More)
OBJECTIVE Early studies on blood donors point to a seroprevalence of approximately 0.25% for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Iran. However, the true prevalence in the general population is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of HCV infection in the general population of Iran. METHODS We randomly selected 6583 subjects(More)
OBJECTIVE Population-based data on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in Iran are limited. Current study is going to determine the prevalence of GERD in Tehran, Iran, and its association with potential risk factors. METHODS In this cross-sectional study, a random clustered sample of Tehran province permanent households was selected from the latest(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Existing evidence suggests potential contribution of iron in pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We aimed to investigate whether hepatic iron content correlates with liver enzyme levels in NAFLD using a noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS Subjects from Golestan Cohort(More)
BACKGROUND Pituitary iron overload in patients with transfusion-dependent beta-thalassemia may lead to delayed puberty. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the potential to estimate tissue iron concentration by detecting its paramagnetic effect and hypophyseal damage by measuring its dimensions indirectly. PURPOSE To investigate the association of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the relationship between breast arterial calcification (BAC) detected on screening mammography and atherosclerosis of carotid arteries considering the most likely involved layer of the arterial wall. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 537 consecutive women who underwent screening mammography were enrolled in this study. Seventy-nine(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is a very rare disease in Iran and reported cases are all negative for HFE mutation. We report a family affected by severe juvenile hemochromatosis (JH) with a detailed molecular study of the family members. METHODS We studied a pedigree with siblings affected by juvenile HH and followed them for 3 years.(More)
BACKGROUND Existing evidence suggests the visceral fat is more metabolically active than subcutaneous fat. We aimed to investigate the value of subcutaneous (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue thickness (VAT) for prediction of gallstone disease (GSD) in general population by focus on gender differences and comparison with body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip(More)
INTRODUCTION Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the only known curative treatment of malignant infantile osteopetrosis (MIOP). In this study, short-term serial bone surveys were used to assess radiologic evolution of skeletal changes after HSCT in MIOP. MATERIALS AND METHODS Baseline whole-body bone survey was performed in all patients.(More)