Amir Marcovitz

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Rapid recognition of DNA target sites involves facilitated diffusion through which alternative sites are searched on genomic DNA. A key mechanism facilitating the localization of the target by a DNA-binding protein (DBP) is one-dimensional diffusion (sliding) in which electrostatic forces attract the protein to the DNA. As the protein reaches its target DNA(More)
DNA recognition by DNA-binding proteins (DBPs), which is a pivotal event in most gene regulatory processes, is often preceded by an extensive search for the correct site. A facilitated diffusion process in which a DBP combines three-dimensional diffusion in solution with one-dimensional sliding along DNA has been suggested to explain how proteins can locate(More)
Multimeric proteins are ubiquitous in many cellular processes that require high levels of regulation. Eukaryotic gene expression is often regulated by a mechanism of combinatorial control that involves the binding of dimeric transcription factors to DNA together with the coordinated activity of additional proteins. In this study, we investigated the(More)
We present an integrated experimental and computational study of the molecular mechanisms by which myristoylation affects protein folding and function, which has been little characterized to date. Myristoylation, the covalent linkage of a hydrophobic C14 fatty acyl chain to the N-terminal glycine in a protein, is a common modification that plays a critical(More)
A fundamental step in gene-regulatory activities, such as repression, transcription, and recombination, is the binding of regulatory DNA-binding proteins (DBPs) to specific targets in the genome. To rapidly localize their regulatory genomic sites, DBPs reduce the dimensionality of the search space by combining three-dimensional (3D) diffusion in solution(More)
We focus on dimeric DNA-binding proteins from two well-studied families: orthodox type II restriction endonucleases (REs) and transcription factors (TFs). Interactions of the protein's recognition sites with the DNA and, particularly, the contribution of each of the monomers to one-dimensional (1D) sliding along nonspecific DNA were studied using(More)
Water molecules are abundant in protein-DNA interfaces, especially in their nonspecific complexes. In this study, we investigated the organization and energetics of the interfacial water by simplifying the geometries of the proteins and the DNA to represent them as two equally and oppositely charged planar surfaces immersed in water. We found that the(More)
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