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Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) is most often caused by hemizygous deletion of a 1.5-Mb interval encompassing at least 17 genes at 7q11.23 (refs. 1,2). As with many other haploinsufficiency diseases, the mechanism underlying the WBS deletion is thought to be unequal meiotic recombination, probably mediated by the highly homologous DNA that flanks the(More)
The GTF2IRD1 general transcription factor is a candidate for involvement in the varied cognitive and neurobehavioral symptoms of the microdeletion disorder, Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS). We show that mice with heterozygous or homozygous disruption of Gtf2ird1 exhibit decreased fear and aggression and increased social behaviors. These findings are(More)
The complete cDNA sequence corresponding to the genomic RNA of a South American strain of potato virus X (PVXc) is reported. The sequence (6432 nucleotides) contains five open reading frames coding for polypeptides with molecular weights of 165.3, 24.3, 12.3, 7.6 and 25.0 and displays an overall homology of 77.4% with those previously reported for two(More)
Diamond-Blackfan anaemia (DBA) is a constitutional red blood cell hypoplasia which may be associated with a variety of developmental abnormalities. A gene for DBA was recently mapped to chromosome 19q13.2 and subsequently cloned. Analysis of 19q marker alleles in DNA of sporadic DBA cases showed de novo microdeletions in three patients also presenting with(More)
[3H]Imipramine binding to blood platelets was assessed in eight untreated Tourette syndrome (TS) children, nine drug-free TS children with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and nine age-matched and gender-matched control subjects. The density of [3H]imipramine binding sites in TS + OCD patients was significantly lower compared with TS-OCD patients (28%)(More)
In approximately half of the major depressive disorder (MDD) antidepressant trials published in the last decade, 30% or more of the patients assigned to the placebo arm showed clinically significant improvements. Attempts to reduce the placebo effect in a variety of ways have proven mostly unsuccessful. The aim of this study was to determine whether trial(More)
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