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OBJECTIVE To determine the role of renal ultrasonography in the evaluation of healthy newborn infants with isolated pre-auricular tags and pits. STUDY DESIGN During the 4 years of prospective study, 108 of 17,286 infants were born with isolated pre-auricular tags or pits (6.2 per 1000 live births): 92 were assessed for urinary tract abnormalities by(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the role of audiometry in a group of newborn infants with preauricular tags or pits. During the 2 years of prospective study, 26 infants were born with preauricular tags or pits (5.7 per 1,000 livebirths) and were assessed for hearing impairment by performing behavioural audiometry on day 3 of life and brainstem-evoked(More)
Glutathione (GSH) is one of the most important physiological antioxidants involved in detoxification of hydrogen peroxide and lipid hydroperoxide. Previous studies have shown that cells can maintain and even increase cellular GSH content in response to sublethal oxidative stress. We hypothesized that gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (gamma GCS), the(More)
BACKGROUND When administered parenterally, furosemide, a loop diuretic, results in improved lung compliance and decreased airway resistance in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). However, furosemide-induced diuresis results in hypokalemia, chloride deficiency, hypercalciuria, nephrocalcinosis, and rickets. In patients with asthma, inhaled(More)
BACKGROUND Risks and benefits of increasing placental transfusion in extremely preterm infants (extremely low birthweight [ELBW], <1000 g) are ill defined. We performed a meta-analysis to compare long- and short-term outcomes of ELBW infants in trials of enhanced placental transfusion regimens. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS We conducted a meta-analysis of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Iatrogenesis often results from performance deficiencies among medical team members. Team-targeted rudeness may underlie such performance deficiencies, with individuals exposed to rude behavior being less helpful and cooperative. Our objective was to explore the impact of rudeness on the performance of medical teams. METHODS(More)
Acute bronchiolitis (AB) is caused primarily by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Recent laboratory tools have implicated a variety of other pathogens; however, their clinical relevance has not been clearly defined. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the etiological agents of AB affect its course. A multicenter prospective study was(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the requirement for endotracheal ventilation in preterm infants treated with heated, humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HHHFNC) with those treated with nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) for the primary treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). STUDY DESIGN Randomized, controlled, prospective,(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to evaluate a novel method of distal end-tidal CO2 capnography by comparison with PaCO2 and with the more standard method that measures mainstream proximal end-tidal CO2 in intubated infants. METHODS Included in the study were all infants who were ventilated with conventional mechanical ventilation and intubated(More)
Late preterm (LP) infants are defined as those born at 34-0/7 to 36-6/7 weeks' gestational age. LP infants were previously referred to as near term infants. The change in terminology resulted from the understanding that these infants are not fully mature and that the last 6 weeks of gestation represent a critical period of growth and development of the(More)