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— Given the spatial and temporal randomness of soft and permanent errors in the state-of-the-art system-on-chips (SoCs), dynamic routing algorithms that can adapt themselves accordingly are highly required for network-on-chip (NoC) applications. In this paper, we present a new dynamic routing algorithm for NoC applications that has the ability to locate and(More)
Our understanding of the basis to immunoglobulin formation in cattle has benefited substantially from the application of molecular biology over the past decade. It is now established that both the lambda light chain and heavy chain repertoires are founded upon the frequent expression of single gene families and subgroups of segments which are of conserved(More)
The PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway regulates cell proliferation, survival and angiogenesis. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a protein kinase ubiquitously expressed within cells that regulates cell growth and survival by integrating nutrient and hormonal signals. mTOR exists in two complexes, mTORC1 and mTORC2. Hyperactivation of the mTOR(More)
In this paper, we present a modeling and design methodology based on characteristic impedance for plasmonic waveguides with Metal-Insulator-Metal (MIM) configuration. Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) simulations indicate that the impedance matching results in negligible reflection at discontinuities in MIM heterostructures. Leveraging the MIM impedance(More)
In this paper, we present the design, fabrication, and characterization of a traveling-wave directional coupler modulator based on electro-optic polymer, which is able to provide both high linearity and broad bandwidth. The high linearity is realized by introducing Á-reversal technique in the two-domain directional coupler. A traveling-wave electrode is(More)
We derived an analytical formula for the optimum width of the access waveguides of 1 x N multimode interference (MMI) couplers. Eigenmode-decomposition-based simulations show that the optimum width relation corresponds to the points of diminishing returns in both insertion loss and output uniformity versus access waveguide width. We fabricate and(More)
In this Letter, we demonstrate for the first time (to our best knowledge) stamp printing of silicon nanomembrane (SiNM)-based in-plane photonic devices onto a flexible substrate using a modified transfer printing method that utilizes a suspended configuration, which can adjust the adhesion between the released SiNM and the "handle" silicon wafer. With this(More)