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Man-At-The-End (MATE) attacks and fortifications are difficult to analyze, model, and evaluate predominantly for three reasons: firstly, the attacker is human and, therefore, utilizes motivation, creativity, and ingenuity. Secondly, the attacker has limitless and authorized access to the target. Thirdly, all major protections stand up to a determined(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of new-onset diabetes after initiation of hemodialysis (NODAD) and its impact on survival is not known. METHODS We used data from the United States Renal Data System (USRDS) from January 2000 to December 2001, with at least 3 years of follow-up for this study. Patients aged 18-80 years were included. NODAD was defined as two(More)
The impact of obesity on long-term kidney transplant outcome has largely been studied in non-African American patients. This study seeks to determine differences in outcome between obese and non-obese patients after kidney transplantation, in a predominantly African American population. We reviewed 642 adult renal transplant recipients who received their(More)
The shortage of kidney donors has led to broadening of the acceptance criteria for deceased donor organs beyond the traditional use of young donors. We determined long-term post-transplant outcomes in recipients of dual expanded criteria donor kidneys (dECD, n = 44) and compared them to recipients of standard criteria donor kidneys (SCD, n = 194) and single(More)
Performance enhancement of Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs) in terms of throughput maximization, energy conservation and Bit Error Rate (BER) minimization is a potential research area. However, limited available bandwidth, high propagation delay, highly dynamic network topology, and high error probability leads to performance degradation in these(More)
Anemia is a very common clinical problem in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in these patients. Erythropoietin is a hormone synthesized that is deficient in the majority of patients with advanced kidney disease, thereby predisposing these patients to anemia. The other cause of anemia is(More)
Scalability and performance implications of semantic net visualization techniques are open research challenges. This paper focuses on developing a visualization technique that mitigates these challenges. We present a novel approach that exploits the underlying concept of power-law degree distribution as many realistic semantic nets seems to possess a power(More)
A great deal of research in health care has examined a wide range of variables to better understand the degree to which patients follow the advice of medical professionals in managing their health, known as adherence. This paper explains the development of the linguistic systems to describe and evaluate two psychosocial constructs (i.e. control orientation(More)