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BACKGROUND This survey was planned to study the prevalence and incidence of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Isfahan, Iran and to describe the clinical features of MS in general and in specific subgroups of patients (early-onset, late-onset, familial, and conjugal cases) and to compare our results with other reports. METHODS A cross-sectional study was(More)
Although multiple sclerosis (MS) has traditionally been viewed and researched as an immune-mediated demyelinating and neurodegenerative disease of the human central nervous system (CNS), its highly complex pathogenesis clearly includes a significant vascular inflammatory component and many therapeutic approaches achieve benefit by direct or indirect(More)
BACKGROUND Circadian rhythm sleep disorders are a presentation of sleep disorders in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). This study aims to compare this problem in MS patients with healthy people and to determine its association with chronic fatigue in MS patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS A case-control study was performed on 120 MS patients and 60(More)
OBJECTIVES This review summarizes recent developments in platelet biology relevant to neuroinflammatory disorders. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is taken as the "Poster Child" of these disorders but the implications are wide. The role of platelets in inflammation is well appreciated in the cardiovascular and cancer research communities but appears to be(More)
OBJECTIVES This is a critical review of anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL). Most prior reviews focus on the aPL syndrome (APS), a thrombotic condition often marked by neurological disturbance. We bring to attention recent evidence that aPL may be equally relevant to non-thrombotic autoimmune conditions, notably, multiple sclerosis and ITP. ORGANIZATION(More)
OBJECTIVE Multiple sclerosis (MS) shows evidence of many distinctive aspects of an autoimmune disorder, including a polygenic inheritance. A recent candidate gene for susceptibility to MS is CD24, which has also been shown to be associated with disease progression. This study was designed to examine whether there is a relationship between the CD24 genotype,(More)
This study was designed to determine the frequency and clinical characteristics of myasthenia gravis (MG) in a large cohort of Persian patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) living in the province of Isfahan. We reviewed the case records of patients with definite MS (McDonald's criteria) registered in the Isfahan MS Society (IMSS) for associated MG. Of the(More)
BACKGROUND Cavernous angioma is a vascular malformation which can be found in any region within the central nervous system. OBJECTIVES There are few clinical and demographic cavernous angioma studies with large sample sizes. Therefore, the present study was designed to provide further information on the clinical and demographic characteristics of(More)
Craniopharyngioma accounts for 2.5-4 percent of all intracranial tumors. The tumor is more observed in the chiasmatic region in adults and the intraventricular subtype is rare. We report an intraventricular craniopharyngioma in a 22-year-old woman presented with chronic headache. Magnetic Resonance Imaging showed hyperintense large mass on T(1)-weighted(More)
Fasting during Ramadan is mandatory for all healthy Muslim adults. During the fasting month, many physiological and biochemical changes occur that may be due to alterations in eating and sleeping patterns. A concern for Muslim multiple sclerosis (MS) patients is whether prolonged fasting might have an unfavorable impact on the course of their disease. The(More)