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This study was designed to determine the frequency and clinical characteristics of myasthenia gravis (MG) in a large cohort of Persian patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) living in the province of Isfahan. We reviewed the case records of patients with definite MS (McDonald's criteria) registered in the Isfahan MS Society (IMSS) for associated MG. Of the(More)
Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic granulomatous disease, which uncommonly affects nervous system. However, when present, it may affect both central and peripheral nervous systems and potentially mimics other chronic diseases of the nervous system. Pathogenesis of neurosarcoidosis remains largely unknown, and its diagnosis and management pose serious challenges(More)
BACKGROUND This survey was planned to study the prevalence and incidence of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Isfahan, Iran and to describe the clinical features of MS in general and in specific subgroups of patients (early-onset, late-onset, familial, and conjugal cases) and to compare our results with other reports. METHODS A cross-sectional study was(More)
OBJECTIVES This review summarizes recent developments in platelet biology relevant to neuroinflammatory disorders. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is taken as the "Poster Child" of these disorders but the implications are wide. The role of platelets in inflammation is well appreciated in the cardiovascular and cancer research communities but appears to be(More)
BACKGROUND Circadian rhythm sleep disorders are a presentation of sleep disorders in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). This study aims to compare this problem in MS patients with healthy people and to determine its association with chronic fatigue in MS patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS A case-control study was performed on 120 MS patients and 60(More)
OBJECTIVE Multiple sclerosis (MS) shows evidence of many distinctive aspects of an autoimmune disorder, including a polygenic inheritance. A recent candidate gene for susceptibility to MS is CD24, which has also been shown to be associated with disease progression. This study was designed to examine whether there is a relationship between the CD24 genotype,(More)
The complement (C) system is a vital arm of innate immunity with many roles, including control of inflammation. This article examines the (C) system with emphasis on recent developments on complement relevant to neurobiology, in particular regarding our understanding and treatment of immune-mediated diseases. We will briefly outline the C system, and(More)
The human cerebellum is composed of 2 hemispheres and a narrow medial section (vermis). Three pairs of dense fiber bundles (peduncles) connect the cerebellum to the brain. The cerebellum possesses widespread outgoing connections. Insult can result in neurologic deficits, including ataxia, hypotonia, dysarthria, and ocular motility problems. It is(More)
Although multiple sclerosis (MS) has traditionally been viewed and researched as an immune-mediated demyelinating and neurodegenerative disease of the human central nervous system (CNS), its highly complex pathogenesis clearly includes a significant vascular inflammatory component and many therapeutic approaches achieve benefit by direct or indirect(More)
Craniopharyngioma accounts for 2.5-4 percent of all intracranial tumors. The tumor is more observed in the chiasmatic region in adults and the intraventricular subtype is rare. We report an intraventricular craniopharyngioma in a 22-year-old woman presented with chronic headache. Magnetic Resonance Imaging showed hyperintense large mass on T(1)-weighted(More)