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Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is characterized by overexpression of enhancer of Zeste homolog-2 (EZH2), which plays a pivotal role in cancer stem cell (CSC) self-renewal through methylation of histone H3 lysine-27 (H3K27me3). Against this background, EZH2 was identified as an attractive target, and we investigated the interaction of the EZH2(More)
Neurotoxicity is a burdensome side effect of platinum-based chemotherapy that prevents administration of the full efficacious dosage and often leads to treatment withdrawal. Peripheral sensory neurotoxicity varies from paresthesia in fingers to ataxic gait, which might be transient or irreversible. Because the number of patients being treated with these(More)
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the deadliest types of cancer. One explanation for this poor prognosis is the failure of most chemotherapeutic regimens, which prompted the development of new, rationally designed, targeted antitumor agents, such as inhibitors of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and downstream pathways. However, most(More)
BACKGROUND Loss of 18q22.3 is a prognostic marker in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). This study investigated genes encoded by this cytoband. METHODS We studied mRNA/protein expression in radically resected (n = 130) and metastatic patients (n = 50). The role of CYB5A was tested in 11 PDAC cell lines and five primary cultures through(More)
The use of platinated agents in combination chemotherapy regimens for advanced pancreatic cancer is controversial owing to the lack of an outstanding impact on the outcome and a substantial increase in hematologic and extra-hematologic toxicities. Pharmacogenetic studies to identify patients who could benefit most from such therapies are urgently needed.(More)
Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is among the most lethal solid tumors with grim prognosis. This dismal outcome can partially be explained by the resistance to currently available chemotherapy regimens or the failure of most anticancer agents, which prompted the development of new and effective therapeutic-approaches, such as inhibitors of the(More)
Aberrant activation of receptor-tyrosine kinase c-Met/HGF pathway is shown to be associated with cell proliferation, invasion, metastasis and poor-prognosis in several tumor types, including upper gastrointestinal-malignancies. The interaction of c-Met with multiple signalling-pathways involved in tumorigenic-properties and invasive-phenotype has gained(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the major health problems worldwide and is often diagnosed at late stage. There is growing body of evidence in early detection of this disease with novel screening modalities to reduce compliance and increase specificity of available methods. The aim of current review is to give an overview on currently available screening(More)
BACKGROUND Only a subset of radically resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients benefit from chemotherapy, and identification of prognostic factors is warranted. Recently miRNAs emerged as diagnostic biomarkers and innovative therapeutic targets, while high-throughput arrays are opening new opportunities to evaluate whether they can predict(More)
BACKGROUND Hypoxia is a driving force in pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma (PDAC) growth, metastasis and chemoresistance. The muscle-isoform of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH-A) constitutes a major checkpoint for the switch to anaerobic glycolysis, ensuring supply of energy and anabolites in hypoxic-environments. Therefore, we investigated the molecular(More)