Amine A Kamen

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A scalable transfection procedure using polyethylenimine (PEI) is described for the human embryonic kidney 293 cell line grown in suspension. Green fluorescent protein (GFP) and human placental secreted alkaline phosphatase (SEAP) were used as reporter genes to monitor transfection efficiency and productivity. Up to 75% of GFP-positive cells were obtained(More)
Growth, nutrient consumption, and end-product accumulation were quantitated in shake-flask cultures of two insect cell lines, Sf-9 and BTI-EAA, in three different serum-supplemented media. Per cell consumption or production rates were calculated for most medium components analyzed. Glucose was growth-limiting in TNM-FH medium and was the most important(More)
Retroviral vectors from both oncoretroviral and lentiviral origins have a great potential as gene delivery vehicles. A number of research groups have devoted considerable effort to the development of large-scale production strategies for retroviral vectors. However, the manufacturing of clinical-grade vectors for gene therapy, especially for in vivo(More)
Utrophin is a close homolog of dystrophin, the protein whose mutations cause Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Utrophin is present at low levels in normal and dystrophic muscle, whereas dystrophin is largely absent in DMD. In such cases, the replacement of dystrophin using a utrophin gene transfer strategy could be more advantageous because utrophin would(More)
Significant improvement in cell growth and protein production has been achieved in Sf-9 insect cell cultures using pulse additions of multicomponent nutrient feed concentrates (Bédard et al., 1994; Chan et al., 1998). The present work focuses on investigating an alternative feeding strategy wherein the nutrients are fed in a semi continuous manner. Fed(More)
Suspension cultures of Sf-9 cells at different stages of growth were infected with a recombinant baculovirus expressing beta-galactosidase, using a range of multiplicities of infection (MOI) of 0.05 to 50. Following infection, the cells were resuspended either in the medium in which they had been grown or in fresh medium. Specific beta-galactosidase yields(More)
Human 293S cells, a cell line adapted to suspension culture, were grown to 5 x 10(6) cells/mL in batch with calcium-free DMEM. These cells, infected with new constructions of adenovirus vectors, yielded as much as 10 to 20% recombinant protein with respect to the total cellular protein content. Until recently, high specific productivity of recombinant(More)
Gene expression by large-scale transfection of mammalian cells is becoming an established technology for the fast production of milligram and even gram amounts of recombinant proteins (r-proteins). However, efforts are still needed to optimize production parameters in order to maximize volumetric productivities while maintaining product quality. In this(More)
Respiration rates in Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf-9) cell bioreactor cultures were successfully measured on-line using two methods: The O(2) uptake rate (OUR) was determined using gas phase pO(2) values imposed by a dissolved oxygen controller and the CO(2) evolution rate (CER) was measured using an infrared detector. The measurement methods were accurate,(More)
An 11-L helical ribbon impeller (HRI) bioreactor was tested for the culture of Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf-9) cells. This impeller and surface baffling ensured homogeneous mixing and high oxygen transfer through surface aeration and surface-induced babble generation. Serum-supplemented and serum-free cultures, using TNMFH and IPL/41 media, respectively, grew(More)