We confirmed a bacteremic typhoid fever incidence of 3.9 episodes/1,000 person-years during fever surveillance in a Dhaka urban slum. The relative risk for preschool children compared with older persons was 8.9. Our regression model showed that these children were clinically ill, which suggests a role for preschool immunization.
To the Editor: Infl uenza A and B viruses are associated with seasonal epidemics (1). Infl uenza is increasingly recognized as a cause of severe respiratory disease among healthy children in industrialized countries (2–4). However, little information is available from developing countries (5). We assessed the contribution of infl uenza and other respiratory… (More)
We confirmed circulation of human metapneumovirus (HMPV) among children with febrile and respiratory illness in an urban slum in Dhaka, Bangladesh, during active surveillance in 2001. HMPV was the most common single virus identified among febrile children and appears to contribute to the high rates of illness in this population.