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We confirmed a bacteremic typhoid fever incidence of 3.9 episodes/1,000 person-years during fever surveillance in a Dhaka urban slum. The relative risk for preschool children compared with older persons was 8.9. Our regression model showed that these children were clinically ill, which suggests a role for preschool immunization.
INTRODUCTION Live-attenuated influenza vaccines (LAIVs) have the potential to be affordable, effective, and logistically feasible for immunization of children in low-resource settings. MATERIAL AND METHODS We conducted a phase II, randomized, double-blind, parallel group, placebo-controlled trial on the safety of the Russian-backbone, seasonal trivalent… (More)
BACKGROUND The rates of influenza illness and associated complications are high among children in Bangladesh. We assessed the clinical efficacy and safety of a Russian-backbone live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) at two field sites in Bangladesh. METHODS Between Feb 27 and April 9, 2013, children aged 2-4 years in urban Kamalapur and rural Matlab,… (More)
We confirmed circulation of human metapneumovirus (HMPV) among children with febrile and respiratory illness in an urban slum in Dhaka, Bangladesh, during active surveillance in 2001. HMPV was the most common single virus identified among febrile children and appears to contribute to the high rates of illness in this population.
To the Editor: Infl uenza A and B viruses are associated with seasonal epidemics (1). Infl uenza is increasingly recognized as a cause of severe respiratory disease among healthy children in industrialized countries (2–4). However, little information is available from developing countries (5). We assessed the contribution of infl uenza and other respiratory… (More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE The role of micronutrients particularly zinc in childhood diarrhoea is well established. Immunomodulatory functions of vitamin-D in diarrhoea and its role in the effect of other micronutrients are not well understood. This study aimed to investigate whether vitamin-D directly associated or confounded the association between other… (More)
Microalbuminuria is a renal marker of generalized vascular endothelial damage and early atherosclerosis. Patients with microalbuminuria are at increased risk of microvascular and macrovascular complications of diabetes mellitus like myocardial infarction, stroke and nephropathy. Poor glycemic control increases the risk of microalbuminuria. This study was… (More)
BACKGROUND Early childhood wheezing substantially impacts quality of life in high-income countries, but data are sparse on early childhood wheezing in low-income countries. We estimate wheezing incidence, describe wheezing phenotypes, and explore the contribution of respiratory viral illnesses among children aged <5 years in urban Bangladesh. METHODS… (More)