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The essential oil extracted from the dried flower buds of clove, Eugenia caryophyllata L. Merr. & Perry (Myrtaceae), is used as a topical application to relieve pain and to promote healing and also finds use in the fragrance and flavouring industries. The main constituents of the essential oil are phenylpropanoids such as carvacrol, thymol, eugenol and(More)
This study characterises the bacteria associated with a marine hatchery in Tunisian coastal marine waters. Presumptive vibrios (TCBS agar) and heterotrophic aerobic microflora (CFU) were studied at different stages within the hatchery: seawater, batches of algal cultures, rotifers andArtemia culture tanks. The bacterial strains were isolated on TCBS Agar(More)
Vibrio alginolyticus was isolated from the internal organs of diseased gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) and sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) cultured in two fish farms located on the Tunisian Mediterranean coast, from 2003 to 2005. After phenotypic characterisation, a selection of 34 isolates from gilthead sea bream and sea bass were molecularly typed by(More)
The ability of Vibrio alginolyticus strains isolated from a bathing and fishing area (Khenis, Centre of Tunisia) to adhere to both biotic and abiotic surfaces was evaluated in the present work. The biochemical, physiological and enzymatic activities of all strains was also investigated. Three morphotypes of V. alginolyticus were obtained on Congo red agar(More)
We analysed 34 Vibrio alginolyticus strains isolated from gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata L. and sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax L. cultured in fish farms on the Tunisian Mediterranean coast for the presence of several virulence properties such as extracellular products (ECP) production, growth in iron-limiting conditions and survival in fish serum. The(More)
Performance of biological wastewater treatment systems may be related to the composition and activity of microbial populations they contain. However, little information is known regarding microbial community inhabiting these ecosystems. The purpose of this study was to investigate archaeal and bacterial diversity, using cultivation-independent molecular(More)
In seawater, enteric bacteria evolve toward a stressed state that is difficult to identify because of major alterations of their phenotype. In this study, we incubated four reference strains of S. enterica serovar Typhimurium in seawater microcosms for 10 months and studied the modifications of their main phenotypic characters. All of the strains lost some(More)
In recent years, cell-based biosensors (CBBs) have been very useful in biomedicine, food industry, environmental monitoring and pharmaceutical screening. They constitute an economical substitute for enzymatic biosensors, but cell immobilization remains a limitation in this technology. To investigate into the potential applications of cell-based biosensors,(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the survival responses of four strains of Vibrio alginolyticus in seawater under starvation conditions. We used microcosms containing sterilised seawater and incubated at ambient temperature (22-25 degrees C). V. alginolyticus maintained its culturability for at least nine months. Long-term-starved cells showed an(More)
In this study we investigated the phenotypic slime production of Vibrio alginolyticus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains, food-borne pathogens, using a Congo red agar plate assay. Furthermore, we studied their ability to adhere to abiotic surfaces and Vero cells line. Our results showed that only V. alginolyticus ATCC 17749 was a slime-producer developing(More)