Amin Rostami‐Hodjegan

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Adverse reactions to polysubstance misuse are common in nightclubs, yet little is known of the physiological effects of polysubstance misuse in this environment. This study examined the heart rate, blood pressure and oral temperature of 50 participants recruited in a nightclub on four separate nights. In addition, the increase in environmental temperature(More)
The perceived failure of new drug development has been blamed on deficiencies in in vivo studies of drug efficacy and safety. Prior simulation of the potential exposure of different individuals to a given dose might help to improve the design of such studies. This should also help researchers to focus on the characteristics of individuals who present with(More)
Pharmacokinetic models range from being entirely exploratory and empirical, to semi-mechanistic and ultimately complex physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models. This choice is conditional on the modelling purpose as well as the amount and quality of the available data. The main advantage of PBPK models is that they can be used to extrapolate(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The interplay between liver metabolising enzymes and transporters is a complex process involving system-related parameters such as liver blood perfusion as well as drug attributes including protein and lipid binding, ionisation, relative magnitude of passive and active permeation. Metabolism- and/or transporter-mediated drug-drug(More)
Typically, pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) models use plasma concentration as the input that drives the PD model. However, interindividual variability in uptake transporter activity can lead to variable drug concentrations in plasma without discernible impact on the effect site organ concentration. A physiologically based PK/PD model for(More)
It is no coincidence that the reports of two meetings, one organized by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), in March 2014, and the other by the UK Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory (MHRA), in collaboration with ABPI (the Association of British Pharmaceutical Industry), in June 2014, have been published in tandem in CPT-PSP.12 Both reports(More)
Although advantages of physiologically based pharmacokinetic models (PBPK) are now well established, PBPK models that are linked to pharmacodynamic (PD) models to predict pharmacokinetics (PK), PD, and efficacy of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) in humans are uncommon. The aim of this study was to develop a PD model that could be linked to a physiologically(More)
Developing a user-friendly platform that can handle a vast number of complex physiologically based pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PBPK/PD) models both for conventional small molecules and larger biologic drugs is a substantial challenge. Over the last decade the Simcyp Population Based Simulator has gained popularity in major pharmaceutical companies(More)
The utilisation of physiologically-based pharmacokinetic models for the analysis of population data is an approach with progressively increasing impact. However, as we move from empirical to complex mechanistic model structures, incorporation of stochastic variability in model parameters can be challenging due to the physiological constraints that may(More)
We aimed to investigate the application of combined mechanistic pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) modeling and simulation in predicting the domperidone (DOM) triggered pseudo-electrocardiogram modification in the presence of a CYP3A inhibitor, ketoconazole (KETO), using in vitro-in vivo extrapolation. In vitro metabolic and inhibitory data were(More)