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BACKGROUND During the last decade tooth whitening products have become widely available in the USA for sale over-the-counter or dispensed by dentists for use at home. With the current rapid growth in demand for tooth whitening it is imperative that the dental community base its recommendations to patients on sound scientific evaluations conducted in(More)
Dental caries, otherwise known as tooth decay, is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases of people worldwide; individuals are susceptible to this disease throughout their lifetime. Dental caries forms through a complex interaction over time between acid-producing bacteria and fermentable carbohydrate, and many host factors including teeth and saliva.(More)
This paper describes early findings of evaluations of the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) conducted by the Detroit Center for Research on Oral Health Disparities (DCR-OHD). The lack of consistency among the contemporary criteria systems limits the comparability of outcomes measured in epidemiological and clinical studies. The(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the difference in dental caries and fluorosis prevalence in 936 randomly selected life-long residents selected from public and private schools in Trois-Rivières (1.0 ppm F in 1987) and Sherbrooke (less than 0.1 ppm F), Que., Canada. Students, 11-17 years of age, were examined for dental caries using the National(More)
BACKGROUND While national surveys have found that African-Americans have a higher prevalence and severity of dental caries than white-Americans, there are only a few descriptive studies of the prevalence and severity of dental caries in low-income urban African-Americans. OBJECTIVES This study assessed the prevalence, severity and determinants of dental(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the relationship between neighborhood effects and the severity of dental caries among low-income African-Americans. METHODS A multistage probability sample of African-American families living in the poorest 39 census tracts in Detroit was drawn. During 2002-03, cross-sectional data of a cohort that includes 1021 caregivers were(More)
OBJECTIVES In December 1991 the residents of the community of Rigolet, Labrador, Canada, discovered that they were exposed to higher than 2.0 ppm fluoride in the drinking water from the new town well, which became operational in December 1983. In 1993 an investigation of the occurrence of fluorosis in children exposed to the high-fluoride water during(More)
A representative sample of 365 low-income African-American preschool children aged 3-5 years was studied to determine the association between sugar-sweetened beverage consumption (soda, fruit drinks, and both combined) and overweight and obesity. Children were examined at a dental clinic in 2002-2003 and again after 2 years. Dietary information was(More)
BACKGROUND This article presents evidence-based clinical recommendations for use of pit-and-fissure sealants developed by an expert panel convened by the American Dental Association Council on Scientific Affairs. The panel addressed the following clinical questions: Under what circumstances should sealants be placed to prevent caries? Does placing sealants(More)