We thank Ben Sigman for outstanding work on site definition and data assembly. We also thank Roger vonHaefen for comments, and Nancy Bockstael and John Duffield for help in the early stages of designing our survey. Abstract In this paper we estimate the economic loss of hypothetical beach closures on the Padre Island National Seashore on the Gulf Coast of… (More)
MOSFET scaling requires an increase in the dielectric capacitance and hence a decrease in the dielectric electrical thickness. In this paper, we review the scaling trends for the gate dielectric and the gate electrode as the industry faces the challenges of introducing new materials into production.