Amgad Droby

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Multi-centre MRI studies of the brain are essential for enrolling large and diverse patient cohorts, as required for the investigation of heterogeneous neurological and psychiatric diseases. However, the multi-site comparison of standard MRI data sets that are weighted with respect to tissue parameters such as the relaxation times (T1, T2) and proton(More)
Infratentorial lesions have been assigned an equivalent weighting to supratentorial plaques in the new McDonald criteria for diagnosing multiple sclerosis. Moreover, their presence has been shown to have prognostic value for disability. However, their spatial distribution and impact on network damage is not well understood. As a preliminary step in this(More)
Quantitative T1 mapping of brain tissue is frequently based on the variable flip angle (VFA) method, acquiring spoiled gradient echo (GE) datasets at different excitation angles. However, accurate T1 calculation requires a knowledge of the sensitivity profile B1 of the radiofrequency (RF) transmit coil. For an additional derivation of proton density (PD)(More)
AIM The evaluation of inner retinal layer thickness can serve as a direct biomarker for monitoring the course of inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system such as multiple sclerosis (MS). Using optical coherence tomography (OCT), thinning of the retinal nerve fibre layer and changes in deeper retinal layers have been observed in patients with MS.(More)
Diffuse inflammation in multiple sclerosis (MS) extends beyond focal lesion sites, affecting interconnected regions; however, little is known about the impact of an individual lesion affecting major white matter (WM) pathways on brain functional connectivity (FC). Here, we longitudinally assessed the effects of acute and chronic lesions on FC in(More)
OBJECTIVES Proton density (PD) and T1 relaxation time are promising quantitative MRI (qMRI) markers of neuronal damage in multiple sclerosis (MS). However, it is unknown whether cortical differences of these parameters between patients and controls exist in the early stages of disease. This study investigates cortical T1 and PD in early MS stages,(More)
White matter (WM) lesions with a distinct lesion-tissue contrast are the main radiological hallmark of multiple sclerosis (MS) in standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Pathological WM changes beyond lesion development lack suitable contrasts, rendering the investigation of normal appearing WM (NAWM) more challenging. In this study, repeat quantitative(More)
PURPOSE To investigate magnetization transfer ratio (MTR), T1 relaxation time, and proton density (PD) as indicators of gray matter damage in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), reflecting different aspects of microstructural damage and as imaging correlates of clinical disability. We aimed to determine which of these parameters may optimally(More)
PURPOSE In secondary progressive Multiple Sclerosis (SPMS), global neurodegeneration as a driver of disability gains importance in comparison to focal inflammatory processes. However, clinical MRI does not visualize changes of tissue composition outside MS lesions. This quantitative MRI (qMRI) study investigated cortical and deep gray matter (GM) proton(More)