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OBJECTIVE To improve diagnostic criteria for sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). METHODS Pooled data on initial and final diagnostic classification of suspected CJD patients were accumulated, including results of investigations derived from a coordinated multinational study of CJD. Prospective analysis for a comparison of clinical and(More)
The causes and geographic distribution of 267 cases of iatrogenic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) are here updated at the millennium. Small numbers of still-occurring cases result from disease onsets after longer and longer incubation periods following infection by cadaveric human growth hormone or dura mater grafts manufactured and distributed before the(More)
BACKGROUND Apart from the small number of iatrogenic and familial cases, the cause of most cases of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is not known. We aimed to identify risk factors for sporadic CJD. METHODS In a case-control study, we compared the medical history and selected demographic characteristics of 241 definite (neuropathologically confirmed) and(More)
BACKGROUND Conservative outpatient therapy for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) by ablative or excisional techniques is widely used. The main objective of this treatment is the prevention of invasive cervical cancer. We assessed the rate of invasive disease and the duration of the risk of developing invasive cervical cancer after such treatment. (More)
BACKGROUND The transmissible spongiform encephalopathies constitute a fascinating and biologically unique group of invariably fatal neurodegenerative disorders that affect both animals and humans. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker syndrome, and fatal familial insomnia represent the more common human phenotypes. Excluding the(More)
With the aim of improving the pre-mortem diagnostic accuracy of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), there has been considerable recent interest in the merit of immunodetecting 14-3-3 proteins in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) using Western blotting, with cumulative support for the utility of this technique. As a corollary, during a 20 month period, CSF(More)
The Australian National Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Registry (ANCJDR) commenced surveillance in September 1993 as part of the Commonwealth's response to 4 cases of pituitary hormone (gonadotrophin)-associated Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). With the passage of time, the Registry has become responsible for ascertaining all human transmissible spongiform(More)