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BACKGROUND Important progress has been made in our understanding of the autoimmune neuromuscular transmission (NMT) disorders; myasthenia gravis (MG), Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) and neuromyotonia (Isaacs' syndrome). METHODS To prepare consensus guidelines for the treatment of the autoimmune NMT disorders, references retrieved from MEDLINE,(More)
We studied 38 patients affected by seronegative myasthenia gravis (SNMG) with age at the onset of the disease ranging from 6 to 66 yr. Clinical follow-up lasted at least 2 yr. Patients' lymphocyte cultures showed in no case anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody production; HLA associations did not differ significantly from those in seropositive MG. In most(More)
We describe the genetic and kinetic defects in a congenital myasthenic syndrome due to the mutation epsilonA411P in the amphipathic helix of the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) epsilon subunit. Myasthenic patients from three unrelated families are either homozygous for epsilonA411P or are heterozygous and harbor a null mutation in the second epsilon allele,(More)
Polymorphisms in PTPN22 are associated with many autoimmune diseases; while rs2476601 is supposed to play a major role, other experimental data suggest that rs2488457 may be even more important. Results in myasthenia gravis are controversial. In 356 Italian myasthenic patients and 439 controls genotyped for both polymorphisms, we found that rs2476601 was(More)
The term seronegative myasthenia gravis (SNMG) refers to the generalized disease without detectable anti-acetylcholine receptor (anti-AChR) antibodies. In these patients, IgG antibodies against the muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) have been described, which reduced agrin-induced AChR clustering in vitro. We have assayed anti-MuSK antibodies in 78 patients with(More)
Forty-eight patients with purely ocular myasthenia were studied. Tensilon test was positive in 46 patients (95%); decremental response from limb muscles was present in 24 patients (50%); anti-AChR antibodies were detected in 20 patients of 44 (45.5%). Twenty-two patients underwent thymectomy, 18 were given corticosteroids, 42 received AChE drugs. At the end(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize B-cell subsets in patients with muscle-specific tyrosine kinase (MuSK) myasthenia gravis (MG). METHODS In accordance with Human Immunology Project Consortium guidelines, we performed polychromatic flow cytometry and ELISA assays in peripheral blood samples from 18 patients with MuSK MG and 9 healthy controls. To complement a(More)
The authors measured anti-muscle-specific tyrosine kinase (anti-MuSK) antibodies (Abs) in 83 serum samples from 40 patients and evaluated their correlation with myasthenia gravis severity and treatment response. Ab concentrations were often reduced by immunosuppression but not after thymectomy. Both in individual cases and in the whole population, a(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the characteristics of thymoma when associated with MG and to evaluate those conditions that can complicate management and affect survival. METHODS The study includes 207 myasthenic patients who were operated on for thymoma, with at least 1-year follow-up from surgery. MG severity and response to treatment, the occurrence of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The detection of antibodies binding neural antigens in patients with epilepsy has led to the definition of 'autoimmune epilepsy'. Patients with neural antibodies not responding to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) may benefit from immunotherapy. Aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of autoantibodies specific to neural antigens in(More)