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Skeletal muscle arises from the fusion of precursor myoblasts into multinucleated myofibres. Although conserved transcription factors and signalling proteins involved in myogenesis have been identified, upstream regulators are less well understood. Here we report an unexpected discovery that the membrane protein BAI1, previously linked to recognition of… (More)
Clearance of apoptotic cells is the final stage of programmed cell death. Uncleared corpses can become secondarily necrotic, promoting inflammation and autoimmunity. Remarkably, even in tissues with high cellular turnover, apoptotic cells are rarely seen because of efficient clearance mechanisms in healthy individuals. Recently, significant progress has… (More)
Engulfment of apoptotic cells is an active process coordinated by receptors on phagocytes and ligands on apoptotic cells . Phosphatidylserine (PtdSer) is a key ligand on apoptotic cells, and recently three PtdSer recognition receptors have been identified, namely, TIM-4, BAI1, and Stabilin-2 [1-6]. Whereas BAI1 is dependent on the ELMO1/Dock180/Rac… (More)
Lung epithelial cells can influence immune responses to airway allergens. Airway epithelial cells also undergo apoptosis after encountering environmental allergens; yet, relatively little is known about how these are cleared, and their effect on airway inflammation. Here we show that airway epithelial cells efficiently engulf apoptotic epithelial cells and… (More)
The fusion of myoblasts, the skeletal muscle progenitors, is critical for skeletal muscle formation, function, and repair after muscle injury. Recognition of the phospholipid phosphatidylserine (PtdSer) exposed on certain myoblasts is required during fusion into multinuclear myofibers. Cell surface exposure of PtdSer is also a feature of cells dying through… (More)
The immunologically silent clearance of apoptotic cells is crucial for maintaining self-tolerance. In this issue of Immunity, Uderhardt et al. (2012) reveal a mechanism by which lipid oxidation by tissue resident macrophages could inhibit the engulfment of apoptotic cells by inflammatory monocytes.