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The time course for the activation of glycogen phosphorylase (Phos) and pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) and their allosteric regulators was determined in human skeletal muscle during repeated bouts of maximal exercise. Six subjects completed three 30-s bouts of maximal isokinetic cycling separated by 4-min recovery periods. Muscle biopsies were taken at rest(More)
Leucine kinetic and nitrogen balance (NBAL) methods were used to determine the dietary protein requirements of strength athletes (SA) compared with sedentary subjects (S). Individual subjects were randomly assigned to one of three protein intakes: low protein (LP) = 0.86 g protein.kg-1.day-1, moderate protein (MP) = 1.40 g protein.kg-1.day-1, or high(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the regulation (hormonal, substrate, and allosteric) of muscle glycogen phosphorylase (Phos) activity and glycogenolysis after short-term endurance training. Eight untrained males completed 6 days of cycle exercise (2 h/day) at 65% of maximal O2 uptake (Vo2max). Before and after training subjects cycled for 15 min at(More)
This study examined muscle glycogenolysis and the regulation of glycogen phosphorylase (Phos) activity during 15 min of cycling at 85% of maximal O2 consumption (VO2max) in control and high free fatty acid (FFA; Intralipid-heparin) conditions in 11 subjects. Muscle biopsies were sampled at rest and 1, 5, and 15 min of exercise, and glycogen Phos(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the magnitude and time course for changes in muscle protein synthesis (MPS) after a single bout of resistance exercise. Two groups of six male subjects performed heavy resistance exercise with the elbow flexors of one arm while the opposite arm served as a control. MPS from exercised (ex) and control (con) biceps(More)
The mitochondrial phenotype within cardiac muscle cells is dramatically altered by thyroid hormone. We report here that this can be accounted for, in part, by modifications in the rate of mitochondrial protein import. The import of matrix-localized precursor proteins malate dehydrogenase (MDH) and ornithine carbamoyltransferase was augmented, whereas the(More)
We previously demonstrated that subsarcolemmal (SS) and intermyofibrillar (IMF) mitochondrial subfractions import proteins at different rates. This study was undertaken to investigate 1) whether protein import is altered by chronic contractile activity, which induces mitochondrial biogenesis, and 2) whether these two subfractions adapt similarly. Using(More)
BACKGROUND The American Cancer Society National Prostate Cancer Detection Project (ACS-NPCDP) was established in 1987. The experience of the ACS-NPCDP demonstrates the yield and impact of periodic examinations for the early detection of prostate cancer. METHODS A cohort of 2999 well men ages 55-70 years was tested annually at 10 clinical centers by(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether an epinephrine (Epi) infusion would enhance muscle glycogenolysis during intense aerobic exercise. Epi was infused at rates that produced the same plasma Epi concentrations observed after caffeine (Caf) ingestion. Seven male subjects cycled for 15 min at 80% maximal O2 uptake during four different trials.(More)