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The polyphenolic structures of flavonoids and isoflavonoids confer them with the ability to scavenge free radicals and to chelate transition metals, a basis for their potent antioxidant abilities. Another possible contributory mechanism toward their antioxidant activities is their ability to stabilize membranes by decreasing membrane fluidity. In this(More)
PURPOSE The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a cell development-regulated process in which noncoding RNAs act as crucial modulators. Recent studies have implied that EMT may contribute to resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-directed therapy. The aims of this study were to determine the potential role of microRNAs (miRNA) in(More)
Genistein and daidzein, the two major soy isoflavones, principally occur in nature as their glycosylated or methoxylated derivatives, which are cleaved in the large intestine to yield the free aglycones and further metabolites. The objective of this study was to compare the antioxidant activities of genistein and daidzein with their glycosylated and(More)
Structurally diverse plant phenolics were examined for their abilities to inhibit lipid peroxidation induced either by Fe(II) and Fe(III) metal ions or by azo-derived peroxyl radicals in a liposomal membrane system. The antioxidant abilities of flavonoids were compared with those of coumarin and tert-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ). The antioxidant efficacies of(More)
Antioxidant actions of the soy isoflavone genistein are believed to contribute to its overall chemopreventive activity. However, the mechanisms of its antioxidant reactions remain unknown. The objective of this study was to characterize the reaction products of genistein (5,7,4'-trihydroxyisoflavone) with peroxyl radicals generated by thermolysis of(More)
PURPOSE Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is an attractive target for the treatment of urothelial carcinoma, but a clinical response can be expected in only a small proportion of patients. The aim of this study was to define molecular markers of response to cetuximab therapy in a panel of urothelial carcinoma cell lines. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Eleven(More)
Results from recent intervention trials indicated that supplemental beta-carotene enhances lung cancer incidence and mortality among smokers. It was hypothesized that beta-carotene was exerting its deleterious effects through a prooxidant effect in the smoke-exposed lung. To test this hypothesis we examined the interactions of beta-carotene and cigarette(More)
PURPOSE Human bladder cancer cells resistant to anti-epidermal growth factor receptor therapy often co-express platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β. We determined whether there is functional crosstalk between epidermal growth factor receptor and platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β, and how this regulates biological functions in bladder cancer(More)
Purpose: The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a cell development-regulated process in which noncoding RNAs act as crucial modulators. Recent studies have implied that EMT may contribute to resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)–directed therapy. The aims of this study were to determine the potential role of microRNAs (miRNA) in(More)
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