Ameeruddin Nusrath Unissa

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AccD6 (acetyl coenzyme A (CoA) carboxylase), plays an important role in mycolic acid synthesis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). Induced gene expression by isoniazid (isonicotinylhydrazine - INH), anti-tuberculosis drug) shows the expression of accD6. It is our interest to study the binding of activated INH with the AccD6 model using molecular docking(More)
Mutation at codon 315 of katG gene is the major cause for isoniazid (INH) resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis). Substitution at codon 315 of katG gene was analyzed in 85 phenotypically resistant isolates collected from various parts of southern India by direct sequencing method. The obtained results were interpreted in the context of(More)
Isoniazid, an important drug in the anti-tuberculosis therapy, the enzyme catalase-peroxidase (KatG) plays a key role in activating isoniazid (INH). Mutation in katG gene is a major mechanism of INH resistance in M. tuberculosis. Several derivatives of INH show activity against TB and multi-drug resistant TB. With the aim of finding new compounds, in this(More)
OBJECTIVES Isoniazid (INH) resistance is a major contributor to the emergence of multidrug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), hampering the success of tuberculosis treatment. This study aimed to identify good leads based on INH derivatives against INH-resistant MTB strains. Mutations at codon 315 in the katG gene encoding catalase-peroxidase(More)
Isoniazid (INH) is one of the most active compounds used to treat tuberculosis (TB) worldwide. In addition, INH has been used as a prophylactic drug for individuals with latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection to prevent reactivation of disease. Importantly, the definition of multidrug resistance (MDR) in TB is based on the resistance of MTB(More)
Pyrazinamide (PZA) an important drug in the anti-tuberculosis therapy, activated by an enzyme Pyrazinamidase (PZase). The basis of PZA resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is owing to mutation in pncA gene coding for PZase. The identification of the structural or functional defects in the mutant enzymes leading to resistance still remains an area(More)
BACKGROUND N-acetyl transferase (NAT) inactivates the pro-drug isoniazid (INH) to N-acetyl INH through a process of acetylation, and confers low-level resistance to INH in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Similar to NAT of MTB, NAT2 in humans performs the same function of acetylation. Rapid acetylators, may not respond to INH treatment efficiently, and(More)
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