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SRAM-based Field-Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) are configured from off-chip memory through a serial link. Hence, a large configuration bit stream adversely increases off-chip memory size as well as bit stream loading time. The following work proposes a novel method to reduce the number of programming bits required for look-up tables (LUT), thereby(More)
Clock skew variations adversely affect timing margins, limiting performance, reducing yield, and may also lead to functional faults. Non-tree clock distribution networks, such as meshes and crosslinks, are employed to reduce skew and also to mitigate skew variations. However, these networks incur an increase in dissipated power while consuming significant(More)
Multi-ported RAMs are essential for high-performance parallel computation systems. VLIW and vector processors, CGRAs, DSPs, CMPs and other processing systems often rely upon multi-ported memories for parallel access, hence higher performance. Although memories with a large number of read and write ports are important, their high implementation cost means(More)
Binary Content Addressable Memories (BCAMs), also known as associative memories, are hardware-based search engines. BCAMs employ a massively parallel exhaustive search of the entire memory space, and are capable of matching a specific data within a single cycle. Networking, memory management, pattern matching, data compression, DSP, and other applications(More)
Overclocking a CPU is a common practice among home-built PC enthusiasts where the CPU is operated at a higher frequency than its speed rating. This practice is unsafe because timing errors cannot be detected by modern CPUs and they can be practically undetectable by the end user. Using a timing speculation technique such as Razor, it is possible to detect(More)
—Binary Content Addressable Memories (BCAMs) are massively parallel search engines capable of searching the entire memory space in a single clock cycle. BCAMs are used in a wide range of applications, such as memory management, networks, data compression, DSP, and databases. Due to the increasing amount of processed information, modern BCAM applications(More)
The rat phrenic nerve hemidiaphragm and chick biventer-cervicis preparations were used to investigate the effect of a crude aqueous extract of Ipomoea fistulosa. Electrically-induced skeletal muscle twitches of the hemidiaphragm were blocked by the extract and by tubocurarine. The anticholinesterase, physostigmine, intensified the blockade by the extract.(More)
Clock skew variations adversely affect timing margins, limiting performance, reducing yield, and may also lead to functional faults. Non-tree clock distribution networks, such as meshes and crosslinks, are employed to reduce skew and also to mitigate skew variations. These networks, however, increase the dissipated power while consuming significant metal(More)