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PURPOSE To characterize the supraspinatus tendon thickness, subacromial space, and the relationship between tendon thickness and subacromial space to further elucidate the mechanisms of subacromial impingement syndrome. METHODS In a single-blind cross-sectional study, subjects were recruited with subacromial impingement syndrome (n = 20) and asymptomatic(More)
The etiology of rotator cuff tendinopathy is multi-factorial, and has been attributed to both extrinsic and intrinsic mechanisms. Extrinsic factors that encroach upon the subacromial space and contribute to bursal side compression of the rotator cuff tendons include anatomical variants of the acromion, alterations in scapular or humeral kinematics, postural(More)
CONTEXT The literature does not present a consistent pattern of altered scapular kinematics in patients with shoulder-impingement syndrome (SIS). OBJECTIVES To perform meta-analyses of published comparative studies to determine the consistent differences in scapular kinematics between subjects with SIS and controls. In addition, the purpose was to analyze(More)
Psoriatic onycho-pachydermo periostitis (POPP) is recognized as a rare subset of psoriatic arthritis, characterized by psoriatic onychodystrophy, connective tissue thickening above the distal phalanx, and a periosteal reaction. Therapy for this rare disease is based on treatments used for psoriatic arthritis, but traditional disease-modifying antirheumatic(More)
SYNOPSIS The available body of knowledge on shoulder ultrasound imaging has grown considerably within the past decade, and physical therapists are among the many health care professions currently exploring the potential clinical integration of this imaging technology and the knowledge derived from it. Therefore, the primary purpose of this commentary was to(More)
Alterations in scapular muscle activity, including excess activation of the upper trapezius (UT) and onset latencies of the lower trapezius (LT) and serratus anterior (SA) muscles, are associated with abnormal scapular motion and shoulder impingement. Limited information exists on the reliability of neuromuscular activity to demonstrate the efficacy of(More)
PURPOSE Recently sonography (US) has been used to measure the subacromial space outlet with a linear measurement of the acromiohumeral distance (AHD). The purpose of this article is to systematically review the literature on the influence of rotator cuff disease (RCD) on AHD using US. METHODS Computer-aided searches of databases were performed to identify(More)
STUDY DESIGN Controlled laboratory study. OBJECTIVES To determine the effect of the modified scapular assistance test (SAT) on 3-dimensional shoulder kinematics, strength, and linear measures of subacromial space in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). BACKGROUND Abnormal scapular kinematics have been identified in patients with SAIS.(More)
BACKGROUND Scapular dyskinesis is an abnormal scapular motion or position during active arm elevation. Dyskinesis is theorized to contribute to impingement syndrome by decreasing the subacromial space. A corrective maneuver of the scapular assistance test (SAT) proposes to increase scapular upward rotation and posterior tilt to increase the subacromial(More)