Amedeo Lonardo

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UNLABELLED Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a major cause of liver disease worldwide. We estimated the global prevalence, incidence, progression, and outcomes of NAFLD and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). PubMed/MEDLINE were searched from 1989 to 2015 for terms involving epidemiology and progression of NAFLD. Exclusions included selected(More)
OBJECTIVES HCV and NAFLD are associated with atherosclerosis in general population. The prevalence of atherosclerosis in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients is unknown. We hypothesized that HCV per se and HCV-related steatosis could favour atherosclerosis. Thus, in CHC patients we assessed: (a) the prevalence of atherosclerosis; (b) the role of HCV,(More)
The overall prevalence of steatosis in patients with Hepatitis C virus (HCV) chronic infection is 55.5% (range 34.8-81.2%). This is a two to threefold increase compared with the prevalence of steatosis in chronic hepatitides because of other aetiologies and of the figures expected on the grounds of a steatosis-HCV chance association. HCV genotype 3 (HCV-3)(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related liver disease are common in the general population, but their concurrence is 2- to 3-fold higher than would be expected by chance alone. In patients with chronic HCV infection, steatosis is attributable to a variable combination of the mechanisms considered to play a role in the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Studies have shown monounsaturated oleic acid to be less toxic than palmitic acid and to prevent/attenuate palmitic acid hepatocites toxicity in steatosis models in vitro. However, to what degree these effects are mediated by steatosis extent is unknown. METHODS We evaluated whether steatosis per se is associated with hepatocytes(More)
Eighty-four consecutive subjects with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) were tested for non-organ-specific autoantibodies (NOSA) by indirect immunoflorescence. Indices of insulin resistance and biochemical and anthropometric parameters were assessed. The overall prevalence of anti-nuclear-antibodies (ANA), smooth muscle antibodies (SMA) and(More)
AIMS To review available data concerning the basic science and epidemiological-clinical evidence for an association of NAFLD and cardiovascular disease. DATA SYNTHESIS Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) defines alcohol-like hepatic histological lesions seen in the non-alcoholic, insulin resistant patient representing the hepatic counterpart of the(More)
We report the evidence-based Italian Association for the Study of Liver guidelines for the appropriate diagnosis and management of patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in clinical practice and its related research agenda. The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease varies according to age, gender and ethnicity. In the general population,(More)
The conventional paradigm of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease representing the "hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome" is outdated. We identified and summarized longitudinal studies that, supporting the association of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease with either type 2 diabetes mellitus or metabolic syndrome, suggest that nonalcoholic fatty liver(More)