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BACKGROUND In healthcare economics, the cost factor plays a leading role, particularly for chronic diseases such as end-stage renal disease because of the growing number of patients. OBJECTIVES An international comparison was made of the costs and reimbursement/funding of a selection of key dialysis modalities--centre haemodialysis (CHD), limited care(More)
The mode of presentation of renal disease in 44 patients with essential mixed cryoglobulinaemia (EMC) was: acute renal failure (two patients), acute nephritic syndrome (six patients), nephrotic syndrome (eight patients), proteinuria and/or haematuria (28 patients). Renal biopsy, performed in 35 patients showed proliferative lesions in 33, while only minimal(More)
The aim of this multicenter, quantitative, observational study was to analyze compliance and re-training needs of patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) through the assessment of patient knowledge (with a Patient Questionnaire; phase 1) and patient behavior (home visit with a Score Card; phase 2). A total of 353 patients from 11 Italian centers participated(More)
BACKGROUND Reducing the dosage frequency of subcutaneous epoetin in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients is convenient and should improve patient satisfaction and, possibly, compliance. We investigated if a weekly dosage of epoetin beta in PD patients safely maintained haemoglobin (Hb) concentrations equivalent to those obtained with previous twice- or(More)
The impact of peritonitis on CAPD results was evaluated in 1990 pts (mean age +/- SD:58.4 +/- 14.8 yrs, 55.9% males), treated in 30 centres participating in Italian PD Study Group, during 1980-89, with an overall observation period of 3953 years (mean +/- SD 24.1 +/- 22.3 months). The incidence of peritonitis decreases from 1.21 (1980-84) to 0.48 (1985-89)(More)
We examined the nutritional status of 224 patients from six centers in Europe and North America to assess the incidence of protein-energy malnutrition. A "subjective nutritional assessment" was made, using 21 variables derived from history and clinical examination, or anthropometry and biochemistry. Eighteen patients (8%) were severely malnourished, 73(More)
Although malnutrition is not uncommon in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients, there has never been a large-scale comparison study of nutritional status with these two dialysis modalities. We therefore assessed protein-calorie nutrition in 224 CAPD patients and 263 MHD patients who were treated in(More)
Four hundred and eighty CAPD and 373 HD patients started regular dialysis treatment between 1981 and 1987 in 6 dialysis centers. The CAPD patients were 6 years older, on average, than the HD patients and had more complicating conditions (43.3% with 3 or more coexisting risk factors versus 28.9% with coexisting complications). The 7-year patient survival(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma homocysteine (Hcy) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. High levels of plasma Hcy have been observed in end-stage renal disease patients. Few studies have compared peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD) patients and few data are available on erythrocyte folate (ery-F) levels in dialysis patients. OBJECTIVES(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous investigations have reported that viral hepatitis is associated with significant hepatocellular damage, as expressed by raised aminotransferases in serum, in dialysis population. However, scarce information exists on the activity of gamma glutamyltranspeptidase (GGTP) in dialysis patients with infection by hepatotropic viruses. (More)