Ambuj Varshney

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Most existing indoor localization systems are battery-powered and use the changes in Radio Frequency (RF) signals to localize objects. In this paper, we present LocaLight: a battery-free indoor localization system that localizes objects using visible light by tracking the shadow they cast. By sensing a drop in the intensity of ambient light caused by the(More)
The sensing modalities available in an Internet-of-Things (IoT) network are usually fixed before deployment, when the operator selects a suitable IoT platform. Retrofitting a deployment with additional sensors can be cumbersome, because it requires either modifying the deployed hardware or adding new devices that then have to be maintained. In this paper,(More)
Radio tomographic imaging (RTI) enables <i>device free</i> localisation of people and objects in many challenging environments and situations. Its basic principle is to detect the changes in the statistics of radio signals due to the radio link obstruction by people or objects. However, the localisation accuracy of RTI suffers from complicated multipath(More)
We present DPT: a wireless sensor network protocol for bulk traffic that uniquely leverages electronically switchable directional (ESD) antennas. Bulk traffic is found in several scenarios and supporting protocols based on standard antenna technology abound. ESD antennas may improve performance in these scenarios; for example, by reducing channel contention(More)
Energy is one of the most important resources in wireless sensor networks (WSN). Energy directly translates to lifetime which is an important ingredient of performance control in WSNs. We use an idealized mathematical model to study the impact of routing on energy consumption. We find explicit bounds on the minimal and maximal energy routings will consume,(More)
Many sensor network applications generate large amounts of sensed data. These often need to be delivered reliably to the sink node for further processing. In such applications, high communication throughput allows for more data to be sensed. Intra-path interference is a problem in reliable forwarding of data and affects the end-to-end throughput. We show(More)
Electronically Switched Directional (ESD) antennas allow software-based control of the direction of maximum antenna gain. ESD antennas are feasible for wireless sensor network. Existing studies with these antennas focus only on controllable directional transmissions. These studies demonstrate reduced contention and increased range of communication with no(More)
Backscatter wireless communications have exceptionally stringent power constraints. This is particularly true for ambient backscatter systems, where energy and wireless carrier are both extracted from weak existing radio signals. The tight power constraints make it difficult to implement advanced coding techniques like spread spectrum, even though such(More)
Computational RFID (CRFID) platforms have enabled reconfigurable, battery-free applications for close to a decade. However, several factors have impeded their wide-spread adoption: low communication range, low throughput, and expensive infrastructure— CRFID readers usually cost upwards of $1000. This paper presents LoRea, a backscatter reader that achieves(More)