Ambros W. Hügin

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Progressive lymphoproliferation and increasingly severe immunodeficiency are prominent features of a syndrome, designated mouse AIDS, which develops in susceptible strains of mice infected with the mixture of murine leukemia viruses, termed LP-BM5. Development of splenomegaly and lymphadenopathy, caused primarily by increases in B cell immunoblasts,(More)
The objective of this study was to identify and characterize the gene encoding a protein of approximately 12 kDa that is secreted from cells infected with the vaccinia virus. The absence of this protein from the medium of cells infected with a spontaneous deletion mutant (6/2) suggested that the open reading frame (ORF) was located within a 12,800-base pair(More)
Mice treated from birth with polyclonal, crude or affinity purified rabbit or monoclonal rat anti-mouse IgM antibodies [b-7-6 and C-2-23: Eur. J. Immunol. 14: 753-757, 1984] were found to be heavily suppressed with respect to B-cell activities. Crude or affinity purified rabbit or monoclonal rat anti-mouse IgM gave comparable results as follows: serum IgM(More)
The development of an immunodeficiency syndrome of mice caused by a replication-defective murine leukemia virus (MuLV) is paradoxically associated with a rapid activation and proliferation of CD4+ T cells that are dependent on the presence of B cells. The responses of normal spleen cells to B cell lines that express the defective virus indicated that these(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) seem to provide the major line of defence against many viruses. CTL effector functions are mediated primarily by cells carrying the CD8 (Ly-2) antigen (CD8+ cells) and are triggered by interactions of the T-cell receptor with an antigenic complex, often termed 'self plus X', composed of viral determinants in association with(More)
Improved experimental conditions are described for the treatment of mice with anti-IgM antibody, which subsequently lead to B-cell deficiency and agammaglobulinaemia. Antibody transmitted via maternal milk alone was found to be more efficient in inducing suppression of serum immunoglobulin isotypes than prenatal transmission or postnatal intraperitoneal(More)
The present study has examined the relative role of CD4+ and CD8+ Th cells in the generation and reactivation of antivaccinia virus memory CTL responses. We show that mice primed in vivo to vaccinia virus generate in vitro antivaccinia virus memory CTL responses through both CD4+ and CD8+ Th cell pathways, with the CD4+ Th pathway being the more prominent(More)
The antibacterial mechanisms of beta-lactam antibiotics (BLAs) are, with the exception of minor obscurities, well established. BLAs interact with enzyme proteins that are located on the outer side of the bacterial plasma membrane, the so-called penicillin-binding proteins. Some of them are essential for final steps in the synthesis of the bacterial cell(More)
The in vivo role of the proposed poxvirus early transcription termination signal TTTTTNT was confirmed by analysis of the RNA species made by recombinant vaccinia viruses. Premature transcription termination occurred following each of two TTTTTNT sequences present naturally within the coding region of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope gene.(More)