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Progressive lymphoproliferation and increasingly severe immunodeficiency are prominent features of a syndrome, designated mouse AIDS, which develops in susceptible strains of mice infected with the mixture of murine leukemia viruses, termed LP-BM5. Development of splenomegaly and lymphadenopathy, caused primarily by increases in B cell immunoblasts,(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) seem to provide the major line of defence against many viruses. CTL effector functions are mediated primarily by cells carrying the CD8 (Ly-2) antigen (CD8+ cells) and are triggered by interactions of the T-cell receptor with an antigenic complex, often termed 'self plus X', composed of viral determinants in association with(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) are potent antigen-presenting cells (APC). Ongoing preclinical and clinical studies exploit this capacity for the immunotherapy of tumors. We tested vaccinia virus (VV) as a vector to transduce human DC. Immature and mature DC were prepared from blood monocytes and infected with (1) recombinant VV expressing GFP to analyze infection(More)
The present study has examined the relative role of CD4+ and CD8+ Th cells in the generation and reactivation of antivaccinia virus memory CTL responses. We show that mice primed in vivo to vaccinia virus generate in vitro antivaccinia virus memory CTL responses through both CD4+ and CD8+ Th cell pathways, with the CD4+ Th pathway being the more prominent(More)
The objective of this study was to identify and characterize the gene encoding a protein of approximately 12 kDa that is secreted from cells infected with the vaccinia virus. The absence of this protein from the medium of cells infected with a spontaneous deletion mutant (6/2) suggested that the open reading frame (ORF) was located within a 12,800-base pair(More)
The role of B cells in induction of phenotypic and functional abnormalities of T cells in a murine retrovirus-induced immunodeficiency syndrome, MAIDS, was evaluated in mice depleted of mature B cells from birth with anti-IgM antibodies (mu-suppressed) and infected at 4 wk of age. Multicolor FACS analyses of CD4+ T cell subsets showed that development of(More)
The in vivo role of the proposed poxvirus early transcription termination signal TTTTTNT was confirmed by analysis of the RNA species made by recombinant vaccinia viruses. Premature transcription termination occurred following each of two TTTTTNT sequences present naturally within the coding region of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope gene.(More)
Recombinant vaccinia viruses have been proposed as live vaccines against a variety of infectious diseases, including AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome). Objections have been concerned primarily with side effects of the vaccinia virus vector itself. Recently it has been shown that inactivation of the vaccinia virus thymidine kinase gene or deletion(More)
Effector T cells secreting type 1 and/or type 2 lymphokines (Tc1, Tc0, Tc2) were generated in vitro from CD8(+) T cells of mice with a transgenic TCR recognizing lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) glycoprotein to compare their effector function in vitro and in vivo. Tc1, Tc2, and Tc0 showed similar Fas- and perforin-mediated cytotoxicity in vitro.(More)