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The pendulum model of the vestibulo-ocular reflex, including the effects of adaptation, has been evaluated using the responses of 36 normal subjects to impulsive stimuli of 128 and 256 degree/s. Estimates of the model parameters such as the time constants, the slow velocity threshold, and the minimum stimulus required to produce an after-nystagmus have been(More)
Scatter plots showing the amplitude versus velocity (maximum and average) relationship of horizontal saccades in 25 normal subjects and four groups of patients were statistically compared. Three patients with "subclinical" medial longitudinal fasciculus syndromes had significant slowing of adducting saccades, and two of these patients had unsuspected(More)
A method for rapid, accurate measurement of saccade amplitude, duration, and velocity (average and maximum) was developed as a functional test of the extraocular motor system. Recordings were made with a direct-current electro-oculographic system, and data analysis was performed on a laboratory digital computer. Saccade amplitude and duration were found to(More)
Eye-tracking and optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) abmormalities in patients with focal lesions of the nervous system are reviewed. Patients with peripheral labyrinthine lesions can have deficits in smooth pursuit and OKN, but they are rapidly compensated after an acute lesion. By contrast, patients with large, cerebellopontine angle tumors have progressive(More)
The usefulness of rotatory testing (impulsive and sinusoidal) as an indicator of impaired horizontal semicircular canal function was evaluated in 63 patients with unilateral and bilateral decreased caloric responses. The rotatory stimuli were precisely controlled over a large magnitude range and EOG recorded nystagmus responses were quantified using digital(More)
Smooth pursuit eye movements were quantitatively assessed in 25 normal subjects and 22 patients. A laboratory digital computer was used to compute 200 eye velocity samples per second and to statistically compare these eye velocity measurements for five different object velocities. Of six statistics evaluated, mode eye velocity showed the least variability(More)
We have developed an accurate, convenient method for determining unique values of vestibular time constants from impulsive tests. The method was used to determine the mean values and standard deviations of 36 normal subjects. A comparison between these normal values and data from patients with cerebellopontine (CP) angle tumors or unilateral peripheral(More)
The impulsive test is brief and comfortable to the patient. The SVM is the best discriminator of the variables examined. By using percent differences between CW and CCW responses in the same subject at the same stimulus magnitude, we can define a range for the normal population and indicate patients outside that normal range. The impulsive test gives(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of appropriate placental examinations in a university hospital. METHODS A retrospective review of all deliveries and all placentas submitted for pathologic examination from live births. Placentas were reviewed by a perinatal pathologist to determine whether they met the College of(More)