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Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a member of the neurotrophin family of growth factors. It is expressed throughout the nervous system. A unique feature of the BDNF gene is the existence of multiple mRNA transcripts, all of which are translated into BDNF protein, suggesting a multilevel regulation of expression. In particular, the BDNF exon IV(More)
The ribosome-inactivating protein saporin, from Saponaria officinalis, was coupled by a disulfide bond to monoclonal anti-Thy 1.1 antibody (OX7) and to its F(ab')2 fragment. The immunotoxins were at least as toxic as the plant toxin ricin to the Thy 1.1-expressing cell lines AKR-A and BW5147 in tissue culture. They reduced the rate at which the cells(More)
A monoclonal anti-Thy-1.1 antibody (OX7) was coupled to either native or chemically deglycosylated ricin A-chain (dgA) using one of two different cross-linking agents. One cross-linker, N-succinimidyloxycarbonyl-alpha-methyl-alpha-(2-pyridyldithio)tolu ene (SMPT), generates a sterically hindered disulfide bond which is relatively resistant to reduction,(More)
Ricin A chain-containing immunotoxins (IT-As) specific for the human B-cell antigen, CD22, were prepared from 4 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) or their Fab' fragments: RFB4, HD6, UV22-I and UV22-2. The ITs were tested for their ability to kill cells from the Burkitt lymphoma line, Daudi, the pre-B-cell leukemia line, NALM-6, and the myeloma cell line, ARH-77.(More)
Volkensin, a highly toxic protein from the roots of Adenia volkensii (kilyambiti, kinoria), was purified by affinity chromatography on acid-treated Sepharose 6B. The toxin is a glycoprotein (Mr 62,000, neutral sugar content 5.74%) consisting of an A subunit (Mr 29,000) and of a B subunit (Mr 36,000) linked by disulfide and noncovalent bond(s). The amino(More)
AIMS To conduct a pilot study of the usefulness of Down Your Drink (DYD), a web-based intervention to encourage excessive drinkers to adopt a healthy pattern of drinking and reduce alcohol-associated harm. The DYD website was structured as a 6-week programme, derived from a manual which included elements of motivational approaches and cognitive behavioural(More)
Two new coupling agents were synthesized for making immunotoxins containing disulfide bonds with improved stability in vivo: sodium S-4-succinimidyloxycarbonyl-alpha-methyl benzyl thiosulfate (SMBT) and 4-succinimidyloxycarbonyl-alpha-methyl-alpha(2-pyridyldithio)tolue ne (SMPT). Both reagents generate the same hindered disulfide linkage in which a methyl(More)
The A-chain of the plant toxin abrin was covalently linked to monoclonal anti-Thy 1.1 antibody (OX7) with the use of either N-succinimidyl-3-(2-pyridyldithio)propionate (SPDP) or 2-iminothiolane hydrochloride (2IT). The SPDP reagent generates a linkage containing a disulfide bond and an amide bond, whereas the 2IT reagent generates a linkage containing a(More)
Mechanisms regulating uterine contractility are poorly understood. We hypothesized that a specific isoform of small conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (SK) channel, SK3, promotes feedback regulation of myometrial Ca(2+) and hence relaxation of the uterus. To determine the specific functional impact of SK3 channels, we assessed isometric contractions of(More)
The ribosome-inactivating proteins, bryodin, from Bryonia dioica, and momordin, from Momordica charantia, were coupled by a disulphide bond to a monoclonal anti-Thy 1.1 antibody (OX7). Both immunotoxins were specifically cytotoxic to the Thy 1.1-expressing mouse lymphoma cell line AKR-A in vitro. The OX7-bryodin immunotoxins were the more powerfully toxic(More)