Amber Arnold

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OBJECTIVE To explore the relationship among children's diet quality, weight status and food environment in subarctic Canada. DESIGN In the cross-sectional study, children's BMI was calculated, diet quality was assessed using three 24 h dietary recalls and children were asked about their home food environment and source of meals. SETTING Two Aboriginal(More)
The treatment of drug-resistant tuberculosis cases is challenging, as drug options are limited, and the existing diagnostics are inadequate. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) has been used in a clinical setting to investigate six cases of suspected extensively drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (XDR-TB) encountered at a London teaching hospital between(More)
Drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) remains a major challenge to global health and to healthcare in the UK. In 2014, a total of 6,520 cases of TB were recorded in England, of which 1.4 % were multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). Extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) occurs at a much lower rate, but the impact on the patient and hospital is severe. Current(More)
In September 2009, an outbreak of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis affected 327 of 1419 inmates at a London prison. We applied a cohort design using aggregated data from the kitchen about portions of food distributed, aligned this with individual food histories from 124 cases (18 confirmed, 106 probable) and deduced the exposures of those remaining(More)
The prolonged use of injectable agents in a regimen for the treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is recommended by the World Health Organization, despite its association with ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity. We undertook this study to look at the relative adverse effects of capreomycin and amikacin. We reviewed the case notes of 100(More)
OBJECTIVES Detailed information regarding treatment practices and outcomes of MDR-TB treatment in the UK is required as a baseline for care improvements. METHODS 100 consecutive cases between 2008 and 2014 were reviewed retrospectively at 4 MDR-TB treatment centres in England to obtain information on drug treatment choices, hospital admission duration and(More)
OBJECTIVES We describe the first published cluster of extensively drug resistant Tuberculosis (XDR-TB) in the UK and show how early whole genome sequencing (WGS) of Mtb can assist in case management and contact investigations. METHODS We describe the contact tracing investigation undertaken after the presentation of an adult with XDR-TB. Active cases were(More)
It has been suggested that cultured skin fibroblasts derived from patients with progeria, a premature aging syndrome, have absent or markedly reduced HLA antigen expression, thus implicating a possible immunological role in the pathogenesis of this disease. An analysis of HLA expression in nine progeric fibroblast strains and related familial strains is(More)
Commonly used immunoassays have limitations as stand-alone tests for the diagnosis of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). In particular, the specificity of these assays means that these tests generate a relatively large number of false-positive results. We introduced a two-stage regimen for CDI as routine. Unformed stool samples received in our(More)
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