Ambak Kumar Rai

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Suppression of T cell response is thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of visceral leishmaniasis (VL). Regulatory T cell (Treg) mediated immune-suppression is reported in animal models of Leishmania infection. However, their precise role among human patients still requires pathologic validation. The present study is aimed at understanding the(More)
An inefficient Th1 response, coupled with skewed Th2 cytokine production, has been implicated to increase susceptibility to visceral leishmaniasis (VL) infection. The expression of the dipeptidyl peptidase Cd26 by polarized Th1 activates a chemokine cascade that recruits Th1 recruitment to the pathologic site. Here, we studied 42 patients with confirmed VL(More)
Expression of cell surface CD13 in acute B-cell leukemia (ALL-B) is often viewed, as an aberrant expression of a myeloid lineage marker. Here, we attempted to study the stage specific expression of CD13 on ALL-B blasts and understand its role in leukemogenesis as pertaining to stage of B-cell ontogeny. A total of 355 cases of different hematological(More)
The present investigation was carried out to investigate gender dimorphism with respect to the progressive in vivo growth a of T cell lymphoma in a murine system. It was observed that in vivo progression of a transplantable T cell lymphoma of spontaneous origin, designated as Dalton's lymphoma (DL), shows differential growth kinetics in male and female(More)
Delayed Type Hypersensitivity (DTH) and protective immunity are thought to be tightly linked. Remarkable similarity exists between their cellular and immune mechanisms. However, their dissociation is also well known. Here we investigate the immunological mechanisms relevant for their dissociation in a group of non-relapsing cured lepromatous leprosy (CLL)(More)
Lipid antigens of Leishmania donovani-like lipophosphoglycans (LPG) are demonstrated to be a potent ligand for natural killer T (NKT) cell activation. Little is known about the phenotype or function of these cells and their trafficking pattern to the bone marrow (BM) of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) patients. Their precise role in humans still requires(More)
Adenosine deaminase (ADA) which degrades adenosine to inosine, is known to be pro-inflammatory molecule in many diseases. Adenosine suppresses the functioning of the immune system and thus promotes dissemination of the parasite. In our previous finding, the level of soluble ADA in serum of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) was found to be increased as compared to(More)
Green fluorescent protein produces significant fluorescence and is extremely stable, however its excitation maximum is close to the ultraviolet range and thus can damage living cells. Hence, Leishmania donovani stably expressing DsRed were developed and their suitability for flow cytometry-based antileishmanial screening was assessed by evaluating the(More)
Similar to their mammalian counterpart, protozoan parasites including Leishmania donovani detoxify methylglyoxal (MG),(1) a toxic ubiquitous product generated in glycolysis pathway. However, it differs in one or more way(s) from the humans. It is known that MG is eliminated either through glyoxalase (GLO)(2) pathway and/or excreted across the cell membrane.(More)