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Text line segmentation is extremely important phase of OCR. Overlapped lines, skewed lines and connected components make the problem of line segmentation more complicated in Gurumukhi handwritten documents. The existence of these problems in handwritten text documents declines the performance of OCR system. In this paper, we present a technique to solve(More)
BACKGROUND The magnitude of the systemic stress response is proportional to the degree of operative trauma. We hypothesized that laparoscopic gastric bypass (GBP) is associated with reduced operative trauma compared with open GBP, resulting in a lower systemic stress response. STUDY DESIGN Forty-eight patients with a body mass index of 40 to 60 were(More)
The scanned text image is a non editable image though it has the text but one can not edit it or make any change, if required, to that scanned document. This provides a basis for the optical character recognition (OCR) theory. OCR is the process of recognizing a segmented part of the scanned image as a character. The overall OCR process consists of three(More)
In this paper, we describe the line, word, character and top character segmentation for printed Hindi text in Devanagari script. And also describe the line and word segmentation for printed text in Gurmukhi script. A performance of 100% at line level, approximately 100% at word level, 99% at character level, and 97% at top character level for Devanagari(More)
We report a 23-year-old female with rare intractable hiccups caused by a giant posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) aneurysm compressing the medulla oblongata, which resolved after surgical resection of the aneurysm and decompression of the medulla oblongata. We review the literature on lesions in the posterior fossa presenting as intractable hiccups.