FPGAs are used for a wide range of applications, e.g. network communication, video communication and processing and cryptographic applications. It has been shown that FPGAs are suitable for the implementation of soft computing techniques like Neural Networks and Genetic Algorithms. In this work we have shown that Ant Colony Optimizations can also be… (More)
Text line segmentation is extremely important phase of OCR. Overlapped lines, skewed lines and connected components make the problem of line segmentation more complicated in Gurumukhi handwritten documents. The existence of these problems in handwritten text documents declines the performance of OCR system. In this paper, we present a technique to solve… (More)
Character segmentation is an important preprocessing step for text recognition. The size and shape of characters generally play an important role in the process of segmentation. But for any optical character recognition (OCR) system, the presence of touching characters in textual as well handwritten documents further decreases correct segmentation as well… (More)
The scanned text image is a non editable image though it has the text but one can not edit it or make any change, if required, to that scanned document. This provides a basis for the optical character recognition (OCR) theory. OCR is the process of recognizing a segmented part of the scanned image as a character. The overall OCR process consists of three… (More)
In this paper, we describe the line, word, character and top character segmentation for printed Hindi text in Devanagari script. And also describe the line and word segmentation for printed text in Gurmukhi script. A performance of 100% at line level, approximately 100% at word level, 99% at character level, and 97% at top character level for Devanagari… (More)
Compressibility of a soil mass is its susceptibility to decrease in volume under pressure and is indicated by soil characteristics like coefficient of compressibility, compression index and coefficient of consolidation. However, the determination of soil compressibility characteristics in the labs is a cumbersome and time consuming process, especially in… (More)
We report a 23-year-old female with rare intractable hiccups caused by a giant posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) aneurysm compressing the medulla oblongata, which resolved after surgical resection of the aneurysm and decompression of the medulla oblongata. We review the literature on lesions in the posterior fossa presenting as intractable hiccups.
Robust condition monitoring of Li-Ion cell using multiple model adaptive estimation. Equivalent circuit based model was updated with a nonlinear OCVeSOC relationship. The OCVeSOC equation was obtained via curve fitting of the experimental data. The model bank includes a normal cell and two distinctively over-discharged cells. RLS method was used to identify… (More)